Lebanese Baklawa Recipe. Do you hear what I hear?

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My Lebanese baklawa recipe gives you step-by-step instructions so you can enjoy baking and eating this beautiful classic pastry. Lebanese baklawa is buttery, crisp layers of phyllo filled with nuts and drenched in flower water syrup. Once you get the hang of the many parts involved, it’s a wonderful and not-difficult addition to your baking repertoire! Read my full guide here.By the way, you don’t have to butter every layer! Watch my video with a very simple method here.

Lebanese Baklawa diamonds, Maureen Abood

The role baklawa plays in the repertoire of the Lebanese home cook is formidable. Most every Lebanese woman of my parents’ generation makes her baklawa for special occasions, especially Christmas. We swoon over baklawa to such a degree that it’s like our little pet, our little coosa. We call it our baklawi (bit-LAY-wee), just like you might call me Maureenie, or my sister Pegsie, or your mother Mommy.

The pastry must have become so endearing not only because of its crisp, buttery layers that incite near-delirium when eaten warm from the oven, but also because of the labor required to make baklawi. There are several steps involved—clarifying butter, making and cooling orange blossom simple syrup, chopping and sugaring nuts—and these no doubt would pale in comparison to the work that once was the burden of Middle Eastern women the world over: the making of the phyllo. Seems they had to stretch the dough as thinly as possible by pulling it across the kitchen table in one huge sheet. I imagine these l­­­ittle ladies danced a jig in their house dresses on that same tabletop when they discovered commercially-made phyllo. It’s a wonder that certain tasks like stretching phyllo didn’t just fall by the wayside, but they did it as though there was no option, and their success in their labor no doubt pushed them full steam ahead.

Aunt Hilda made huge platters of baklawa all wrapped up like the present that they were, each piece encased in its own pleated foil cup and the whole thing wrapped up with pink Saran and topped with a bow. This baklawi-gift was personally delivered to the homes of Hilda’s brothers every Christmas. It didn’t matter to her, or to us, that we had our own huge tray of baklawa that my mother made (“your mom browns hers much more than I do, and there’s nothing wrong with that…”). The more baklawa, the better.

Hilda labored over the baklawi in her kitchen, over the phone, out for lunch or dinner or anywhere good conversation was had. She felt hers was truly the best. Her pastry looked like the traditional diamond-shaped pieces but it was actually made with long logs of phyllo and nuts that had been rolled up and placed snugly next to one another on the tray, and then cut into diamonds. She learned this method from Aunt Louise, and now many of the cousins, having learned from Aunt Hilda, make theirs this way too. The pieces hold together nicely.

Aunt Rita has baked enough baklawi to earn her a place in the baklawa hall of fame. No doubt she too feels hers is truly the best. For years, her kitchen would turn into a bakery at Christmastime as she made tray after tray, some 50 of them every December. The effort required 20 pounds of clarified butter and 50 pounds of phyllo from wholesalers. Whenever she saw butter or sugar on sale, she bought it. She sold the trays for $25 each. Today, she says, she wouldn’t do it for less than $50. But carpel tunnel has gotten to her hands and it just doesn’t work anymore. How did this happen, she says with a sigh.

You can imagine that anyone who makes that much baklawa comes up with some tricks of the trade. The practice of buttering each layer of phyllo can be Zen-like and all peaceful and everything if you are making one. But get up to 50 trays, and mind is going to prevail over matter. Rita’s mind went to what might happen if she didn’t butter each layer, if in fact she just laid the 20 leaves of phyllo right into the pan, scattered the nuts over that, laid 20 more leaves on top—then cut it into diamonds and poured all of the butter over the whole kit’n kaboodle, letting it seep down through all of the layers and nuts. What happened was this: the baklawa was just as delicious as if she had buttered every layer.

My mom took up this practice, which means I took up this practice too. I’ve taken to bragging about how you don’t have to butter every layer and even taught my classmates at Tante Marie’s Cooking School how to do it. They were shocked; I took a bow.

Then I went to make the baklawa for you the other day. I whipped it out fast. Mom helped and we were pleased with ourselves for making a beautiful baklawi for the blog. Then we tasted it. Wet. Soggy. And so floral with orange blossom water that one bite was about all any of us could take. But I KNOW this method works!, I said. It does, she said. We just made six trays this way for Aunt Hilda’s funeral luncheon not six months ago which were, we thought, worthy of the occasion. So we made the baklawi again and used less of everything—clarified butter, nuts, syrup, and especially mazaher. I called Aunt Rita to chat it up about her baklawa. She talked about how much she misses Aunt Hilda, and that you don’t have to panic if it looks like you have too much liquid. Just stay calm, and pour it off.

All of this fuss over the baklawi is worth it; you will understand this if and when you make or have some of the good stuff. Commercially-made baklawa tastes as though it’s made not with butter, but with oil, and it simply can’t compare. The homemade pleasure starts when the pan has been in the oven for about 15 minutes, and the intoxicating scent of butter and pastry begins to swirl about the kitchen and throughout the house. There is Gloria in Excelsis Deo when the cool orange blossom syrup is poured over the hot pastry, giving you the most satisfying sizzling sound effect. Once the baklawa is cool enough to handle, cut off one of the ends that aren’t pretty and eat it. It might be too hot still and you’ll burn your mouth, like I did yesterday. But that won’t phase you. You’ll keep eating the crispy, toasty morsel with your eyes closed.

The baklawi isn’t so different from all our little coosas: you’ll produce something special with a little TLC, a lot of parent-pride, and the faith that your baklawi will go out into the world bringing goodness and light.

Baklava diamonds on a round plate with gold trim
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Lebanese Baklawa Diamonds

By Maureen Abood
As with most recipes, you will have greater success if you read through the entire recipe before proceeding. Make the parts in advance so on baking day, everything is ready. Start thawing the phyllo the day before you plan to bake the baklawa, in the refrigerator. Two hours before baking, bring the phyllo to room temperature. The syrup can be made weeks in advance and chilled in the refrigerator, but best to start at least a day ahead so it gets good and cold. Watch my how-to-baklawa video here


  • 1 pound box of phyllo, 9″x14″ sheets, room temperature
  • 3/4 cup (6 oz.) clarified butter (measure after clarifying), melted

For the syrup

  • 1 1/2 cups granulated sugar
  • 3/4 cup water
  • 1 tablespoon lemon juice
  • 2 teaspoon orange blossom water

For the sugared nuts

  • 3 cups walnuts, toasted
  • 1/2 cup granulated sugar


  • Make the syrup in advance so it can be fully chilled. In a small saucepan, combine sugar, water and lemon juice and bring to a boil over medium high heat. Reduce heat to low and simmer for 5 minutes. Add the orange blossom water. Pour into another, heatproof, container and cool completely. It is essential to pour cool/room temperature syrup over the hot pastry when it comes out of the oven.
  • Make the sugared nuts: The nuts are ideally ground in a hand grinder, but they can be coarsely chopped in the food processor using pulses, taking care not to go too far. Some nut-dust is unavoidable, but it is better to have a few nuts that need to be broken by hand than to process too much, which will produce nuts that are too finely chopped. Combine the toasted chopped walnuts and sugar stirring until all of the nuts are coated.
  • Assemble the baklawa: Preheat the oven to 350 F. Open one sleeve of the phyllo and unroll it on top of the plastic it is packaged in. Keep the phyllo covered with a towel.
  • Using a metal 13 x 9 x 2-inch pan, lay it over the phyllo to fit. Cut about an inch off of the short side of the phyllo so it will fit in the pan. It’s better to leave the phyllo just a hair larger than the pan because it will shrink when it bakes.
  • Brush the bottom of the pan with clarified butter. Lay one stack of 20 phyllo leaves in the pan. Spread the nuts over the phyllo in one even layer. Open the second sleeve of phyllo and trim the same way as the first sleeve. Lay the second stack of 20 leaves over the nuts, taking care that the top layer is a sheet that is not torn. Take a layer from the center of the leaves for the top layer if necessary.
  • Brush the top layer or two with clarified butter. Using the tip of a very sharp chef’s knife, cut the baklawa into diamonds by cutting six rows (5 cuts) lengthwise and ten rows (9 cuts) crosswise on the diagonal. For slightly smaller pieces, cut 7 rows (6 cuts) lengthwise. Lightly score the top with your knife before diving in so you can see where the cuts will be.
  • Use your dominant hand to cut and the other hand to hold the top layers of phyllo down while cutting, and be sure to cut all the way through to the bottom of the pan. This is essential so that the butter will seep through all layers. The knife is held almost perpendicular to the pastry, cutting straight down into the phyllo and nuts. The top layer will lift and in general make you want to curse as you cut, but just lay the phyllo back down where it belongs and move on. The sharper your knife, the easier the cutting will be.
  • Pour the melted clarified butter over the baklawa evenly. Allow the butter to settle in, about 5 minutes. Bake on the oven shelf second from the top until deep golden brown, 50-60 minutes, rotating the baklawa halfway through baking.
  • Remove the pan from the oven and immediately pour the chilled orange blossom syrup evenly over the baklawa. When the pastry is just cool enough to handle, cut away a few pieces of the uneven edge morsels to eat warm (the baker’s reward…). Let the baklawa cool for several hours. 
  • Cut the pieces of baklawa from the pan with a sharp knife as needed. Serve in foil mini-muffin cups or directly on a plate, arranged in a circle with the points of the pieces facing the center. Keep the baklawa lightly, not tightly, covered in the pan with plastic wrap or a piece of wax paper for up to 2 weeks.

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Additional Info

Author: Maureen Abood
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  1. Beautiful dish! I love the family connection. My late Sicilian Grandmother is often looking over my shoulder when I’m in the kitchen. Or so it feels.

  2. Joy to you and your family at Christmas, Maureen!

    Baklawa is important in our Italian family, too. We LOVE the flavor-texture combo! Also, during my pregnancy with daughter Deanna, I craved baklawa. Turns out that Deanna is a lovely, sweet girl, now 43 years. Was it the baklawa that sweetens her personality and her life??

    1. The baklawa may have played a role but I suspect most of her sweetness comes from her mama. Merry Christmas, my Antonia!

  3. Looks beautiful I know it taste just as good as my mothers did. But always remember ur right she always said hers was the BEST. ,!!! U have such a great memory on everything right down to to red saran paper ??? Xoxo

  4. I’m surprised you make what we call the “restaurant” version with all of the filling in the middle. We always thought this was done to save labor but a poor substitute for the real thing. In our version it takes three people: one for sugared nuts; one for phyllo; and one for butter. We put down 5 phyllo painting butter on each one then put on a scoop of the nuts, followed by phyllo, paint the phyllo with butter, another scoop of nuts (make sure they’re even over the pan), another phyllo painted with butter, another scoop of nuts (pace out the nuts to keep them even)………etc. until there are 5 phyllo left they go on the top one at a time with each painted with butter. Any extra butter is poured on top. This gives a better combining of the flavors than with all of the filling in the middle and the syrup goes through the whole thing with the nuts making spaces.

    1. This is fascinating Roger! Baklawa is not made, among my people, the way you describe…but I’d love to try it! Sounds like the nut layers are very thin, and there are more of them. Delicious.

  5. Hi, I hope I wasn’t insulting of your tradition.

    The nuts aren’t really in “layers” they end up throughout the baklawa. I think it could be done with any recipe but here’s mine:

    1 lb Fillo
    1 lb nuts,chopped (pecans, walnuts, or pistachios)
    1 lb unsalted butter (rendered)
    1 tsp allspice
    1 tsp cinnamon (I add extra)
    1 tsp nutmeg
    1 tsp cloves (I leave this out because I don’t like cloves)
    1 C powdered sugar
    whole cloves to decorate each diamond (I leave these off)

    Mix sugar, allspice, cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves and nuts. Melt butter is separate pan.

    Put together as in above post. Cut. Heat oven to 250. Place pan on top shelf. Bake 1 hr 30 min or until brown on top. If it doesn’t brown, broil for a very short time (just a few seconds to brown, not burn).

    My syrup recipe is a little different, probably because rose and orange water weren’t available.

    1 1/2 C water
    2C sugar
    2 cinnamon sticks (I use extra)
    1tsp vanilla
    1 tsp lemon juice
    lemon or orange rind if available
    2 C Honey (24 oz)

    Put all but honey in pan and heat on moderate stirring often until bubbles rise. Add honey and continue to cook until bubbles rise again. Remove and cool (but not cold, it needs to soak into the fillo).

    The thing is this can be done by one person but is easier with 3 as stated in previous post. Since this was only made during Lent it was something to look forward to each year. And I suppose there was more labor available in the winter since there weren’t outdoor activities. And I’m sure it was a “get together” for the ladies.

    1. Roger, it is great to have your comments and ideas shared here! Thank you for the recipe–the syrup is much different, and reminds me of Greek baklava flavors. I love that the baklawa is best made with three people…more fun too!

  6. Gosh, I feel right at home reading your words and descriptions. I too make it like your Aunt Hilda, logs are my forte. I definately want to try your pour the butter trick if I ever venture to the sheet side.

    1. Hi Karen! Thanks for your comment–the logs are really good. Let me know though if you try the method of pouring the butter and not buttering each sheet! Great to see you here.

  7. Hi Maureen! I finally garnered up enough nerve to try your method and recipe for baklawa and it is in the oven right now. Wish me luck. In the recipe ingredients for the nuts, it does not give an amount for the orange blossom water for the nuts. I added 2 t. and am hoping that was not too much. Also, I remember cinnamon as an ingredient for the nut mixture. Do you ever do that? I consulted other recipes and they are all different. Thank you for providing what I hope will be a special treat for my family. Merry Christmas!

    1. Hi Selene–I don’t add mazaher to the nuts, only the syrup. I like the nuts to be crunchy and the orange blossom water makes them wet. We have never used cinnamon in the baklawa, but as you say, there are many, many types and approaches!

    1. Hello there, and thanks for loving the baklawa logs. They are so good! I don’t think I have a photo (a pity) but I promise that I will post about this method, with photos, in the not-too-distant future!

  8. I’m a long time lurker of your wonderful website, and I’ve finally realized that I can subscribe and receive updates directly to my inbox! I love all of your recipes, photos, and wonderful stories! I’ve had wonderful success with your recipes as well 🙂 I’m excited to try this baklava recipe because you make it seem so easy! My son is turning 2 so we are having a birthday party for him this Saturday and this baklava is on the menu for dessert! In fact I’m in the kitchen right now preparing the clarified butter 🙂

    1. Henna, thanks you! I’m so happy to know that you’ve been making my recipes and enjoying them–I will be thinking of you as you celebrate your son’s 2nd birthday with our wonderful baklawa!

        1. That’s great news, Henna, and how special! Love your photo and I’m so glad you are now a baklawa pro. I told Mama and she IS proud!

  9. Maureen ; While I love Orange Blossom water in just about everything (it works well in the date filling for Ma’moul), Baklawa MUST absolutely be made with Rose water and Rose water only! I suppose it depends on what we were given as children and what the family tradition was- (trying to be generous here but muttering darkly to myself!) Just kidding. I love your blog and it always encourages me to go ahead and make that special something that reminds me of my family.

    1. That is funny David! I have never had baklawa with rose water…amazing how different the family tradition can be!!! Thanks for your kind words. I will have to try your rose water baklawa…

      1. Though we always had either pistachio or walnut filling and always seemed to have a rose water based syrup made by the aunties and grandma, my grandmother’s hand written notes indicate the use of Mazaher or orange flower water. One of my fave Lebanese cookbooks by Sonia Uvezian, “Recipes and Remembrances from an Eastern Mediterranean Kitchen” says that either (or both) may be used- I may have to try some walnuts with orange flower flavoring.

  10. Maureen, I love reading about your baklawa. It reminds me of my Grandma’s which was the best on the east side of Detroit in the 50’s and 60’s. My Grandma made them in birds nests. What were the cookies called that were nut filled dough covered with syrup in the shape of “armadillos”?

    1. Donna, thanks so much. Are the dough cookies you’re thinking of fried? Maybe zalabia, but those aren’t filled with nuts typically.


    1. Thank you Carol! The rolled version has the pastry intact from rolling–please email me to discuss more detail if you like!

  12. I was just looking at recipes and searching Lebanese recipes to see what was out there on Pintrest which led me to your site. You are the first person I have found on the Internet that makes Baklawa like my family!! I am teaching my 16 year old niece how to make it tomorrow!

  13. My grandmother was from Zahle. She always used Rose Water in her syrup. I remember her making the phyllo dough by hand and stretching the sheets of dough over the couch until one day, commercially made dough could be bought in LA. She did call it baklawi (bit-LAY-wee), as you have mentioned. I will try the recipe on your site. Thanks for the tips.

    1. What an incredible thing, the way they made their own phyllo! Enjoy and let me know how you like the recipe!

      1. Maureen, I have now made two batches. For your readers: Follow the amounts exactly as you posted. Do not soft boil the syrup any longer than you suggested. My second batch came out perfectly…Yes, the cutting is the real pain, however, once the tray was baked, it looked just fine. Also, I think the placement on the rack is very important to even baking, along with the turning of the tray half way through. I did bake the tray for 65 minutes to get a bit browner, but ovens can differ. I mixed pistachio nuts with walnuts and this was a fun mix.

        Thank you, thank you for sharing the shortcut. The baklawi turned out perfectly the second time. I have now shared your recipe with many other friends. Thank you again!
        Happy New Year to you and your readers!

  14. Just made another tray for Valentine’s Day. I found that if I buttered between the last three-four layers, the cutting wasn’t so tedious because the layers stuck together better and didn’t lift so much! I also added dried cranberries, dates, and a little bit of crystalized ginger to the nut mixture and it was wonderfully mysterious to the pallet! Thanks again, I have now shown all of my children the shortcut you provided in this recipe and I hope the tradition will keep growing in our family.

  15. Maureen,
    What a beautiful article! My grandmother was Lebanese, and like your family’s our recipes have passed down through the hands of each generation. We also make bitlaywee at Christmastime. Each year, as my umie and I lay and paint the filo with butter (we’ll have to try your method), I feel my sithee with us still cooking.

    Thank you for sharing your family’s wonderful traditions!


  16. I made a vegan version, and I modified it to use maple syrup. So it is a mix of Québec and Lebanon. The result is awesome. Thanks for sharing your recipe!

    Here is what I used:
    1 box of 454 g (1 lb) phyllo dough (whole wheat 100% vegetal)
    3/4 cup Earth Balance margarine (I used the regular butter flavour)

    3 cups walnuts, oven roasted, cooled
    1/3 cup cane sugar
    2 tsp orange blossom water

    1 cup maple syrup mixed with 2 tsp orange blossom water (no heating required, just mix together)


    Here is my post (in French though):

  17. Maureen,

    This was just PERFECT! It tasted like my mother in law’s, only…better! 😉 Her syrup is identical, and she also pours the butter on last as you do, after cutting of course. The only thing different was that she doesn’t toast the walnuts and I had to explain that added dimension as she questioned it, lol. I toast a lot of nuts for a lot of recipes, so I do appreciate that very much. YUM! My family was in heaven this morning!
    I have never made clarified butter before, and your instructions and tips were PERFECT and the whole process went off without a hitch.

    THANK YOU SO MUCH for sharing!

    1. Ah yes, my mother and others in her circle are miffed about toasting the nuts…but we know it’s SO good that way! I’m thrilled you love this method as much as I do. Thanks for writing!

  18. You are the only other person I have found that says it the way I know…everyone else of course knows it as Baklava…lol

    Love your site…just like the way I learned how to make lebanese food from my Grand ma and aunts when I was a little kid…its getting lost in my family…i want to pass it on to my daughter who has no clue as of yet about her lebanese heritage…most of my family is gone…so thank you for this site

    1. So glad you are carrying the torch and passing on the BAKLAWA and oher traditions, Valerie! Thanks for taking time to write!

  19. I was so glad to find you. My father was syrian or some called lebanese. I love the food. I have learned how to fix several dishes. Our baklava used pecans and rose water. I love mamool too but have not found receipe like theirs. I remember they were gritty. I. Think they used cream of wheat. I have bought several books but none were close to our recipes. Yours are closer. Cant wait for your book..

    1. Phyllis, thanks so much–my recipe for ma’moul is here–love to know if it is like you remember your family’s version!

    2. Phyllis, you say that you remember mamool being gritty. They may have men made with farina instead of flour. My husband’s aunt uses farina

  20. Just wondering if you could sub rosewater for orange blossom water, I live in rural British Columbia and orange water is hard to come by

    1. Hi Anna–you can use rosewater–but VERY little, just a few drops, then taste your syrup to see if it needs another drop. The rose should be very subtle (and do include the lemon). Let me know how you like it!

    1. Pam, the orange blossom water is so crucial to the flavor here! Try this if you like, and if you want to substitute, you might try a little honey in the syrup, which is Greek-style flavoring.

  21. OH MY GOODNESS!!!!! No buttering between layers?!?! This may be the very best thing since….anything. LOL. Every year when making this my mother tells me about learning from her Lebanese grandmother; rolling out the phyllo by hand and baking it in her wood burning oven. Every pan was definitely made with love. My great-grandma Bebe always used the rose water, which none of us really cared for much. Later, even to my great-grandma Bebe’s eye rolling, my mother started making it with either the orange or even vanilla. There is nothing like Christmas time and baking of Baklawa where neighbors, friends and especially the family members who did not learn the Lebanese cooking traditions, line up waiting for their own diamond. Thanks for sharing your recipe. I am so looking forward to trying this method.

  22. my family also uses rose water and i am now on the hunt for it at my local ‘health food store…we, too, in massachusetts and maine say, ‘baklawee’!

  23. my relatives from mosul in northern iraq made it differently. it is made with rose water, and importantly, ground cardamom, which is essential to its character. the same walnut/cardamon/sugar/rosewater mix is used in another confection i don’t really know how to spell but is pronounced CLAY-che. these are like small sweet dumplings where the nut mixture is wrap in dough, wrapped and brushed with egg white and baked under golden.

    cardamom is also essential in the king of iraqi confections called lozena, which doesn’t seem to exist outside of iraq. our family’s lozena was made with almonds ground to a flour, lots of egg white, sugar, cardamon and a touch of rose water. it is baked in a medium-slow oven until golden brown. when cooled it is chewy on the outside and more yielding on the inside. in my view it is among the finest confections in the world, but few people know how to make it or even know about it. anyone who likes baklawa would adore lozena.

      1. I was intrigued by this comment, so I looked for a recipe. I found several versions, as lozena, louzina, lawzena, etc. I finally made this recipe for “Iraqi Almond Cardamom Cookies” at lisaandfrancescook dot com slash 2021/03/22/iraqi-almond-cardamom-cookies/

        I omitted the almond extract, but otherwise followed the directions. They were wonderful.

  24. So thrilled to come across your site. Thank you SO much! We called it ba-LAY-wa growing up, but I love the idea of my little bitLAYwee. My sister taught me our grandmother’s recipe (our family is from Saidnaya, Syria, and from Zahle, Lebanon, and I believe she used either orange blossom water or rose water. If I couldn’t find in the store, I have used orange extract as a substitute. I have never tried the shortcut you mention, wow can’t wait! Thank you again for a wonderful post and opportunity for others to share ! So beautiful!

    1. Kristin, how sweet and wonderful! Thanks so much and I hope you enjoy this simple baklawa method as much as I do!

  25. I’m great fonder of these Lebanese recipe…Last time thought of making Baklawa and somehow derived at your site……All your recipes seems awesome………Will bookmark your site for future reference.Keep so share more!

  26. Hi Maureen,
    I made your recipe and it came out great, like the middle eastern bakery I go to. The problem I had was the that the baklava layers came apart (after baking and adding the syrup). Did I needed to put butter every layer? What could be the mistake. Thanks.

    1. Hi Tami–with the diamonds, whether you butter all of the layers or not, they tend to want to come apart a bit (but not entirely) when you cut them. It can help to press down on the nut layer and then on the top half of the phyllo stack before buttering. We serve these in little cups, which holds the diamonds together and makes them easier to eat.

  27. OMG Maureen!!! I made these today and your recipe is SPOT ON! Thank you so much – I was super worried about using too much mazaher but it was perfect. I’ve never made baklewi before – this recipe is super easy!

  28. In my grandma’s hand written cook book, we got instructions like add water to texture. On the back of on page it did say “buy phyllo dough on the corner of 300 S and 300 East in their freezer section”. So we don’t have exact measurement on practically anything, 15 lbs of flour, 1/2 a box cream of wheat, orange blossom water to taste. However we have the exact location of purchasing phyllo dough spelled out to the freezer section. Funny that store does not exist anymore and we are fortunate we can buy it at the grocery store. My mom tells stories of stretching dough over the beds. It sounds as though we are related!

    1. Oh my!! This is precious! Thank you cousin Terri! What a memory your mom has of stretching the dough over the beds. Just perfect!!

  29. Maureen,
    Thank you for the Baklawa recipe and all your answers to different questions. it is helpful to read your answer to Tami, as I have had trouble with the top layer (on top of the nut mixture) falling apart too. I do add some rose water to the nut filling. Do you think this causes the top layer to fall? I have also tried to spread some butter on the layer that touches the nuts. I will appreciate your opinion, please.
    Thanks in advance

    1. Hi Fadia–I don’t think your flower water in the nuts is making the top fall apart. I wonder if your phyllo dough is fresh enough. Sometimes the dough, if it’s older and dried out, will crack and fall apart no matter what you do to help it along.

  30. Hi Maureen, thanks for taking time to answer. Yes, that is a good point. I keep the phyllo in the freezer for several months, for sure it is not very fresh when I use it. You are right! Thanks again.

  31. Hello Maureen,

    I am so happy I found this blog and this recipe. This is just exactly how my Mother-in-law made this and it was passed down from my Father-in-law’s mother. So thank you.. I have all the ingredients including the Orange Blossom Water.. so important! My son is coming home and this is one of his favorites from his special Sito. Thank you so much.

  32. Hi Maureen, I read one of the comments, Rogers, and have to agree with you, apart from the pecans and alspice, his recipe sound Greek to me .. I was interested in your variation ,i.e., putting all of butter when you finish layering baklava ..is it crispy this way.
    Also the orange blossom, I love this, and I will be using Cypriot orange blossom, which is aromatic and subtle ..thanks for your recipe.. it looks great ..

  33. Fun to read all the comments and I have learned a few tricks for improvement. Thanks everyone! I have found that it is easier to cut BEFORE putting butter on top.

  34. I’m so thankful for this recipe! I feel so intimidated by the buttering of each layer, so I never made it. You’re recipe is just like my grandma’s, except for the technique. I’m getting ready to put it in the oven. I missed one step, and it explains some of my frustration with cutting the pieces. I forgot to brush the top with butter before cutting so it dried quickly. I hope it will still be okay. I’m so proud of myself! Hoping to bless my family this Christmas, since grandma isn’t able to bake any longer. Next up, meat pies!

  35. I love the short cut method. I was teaching my niece and we had a lot of fun together, buttering each layer is a pain. My first shortcut version is in the oven now and smells amazing. My husband is your cousin, an Abowd grandson and I have learned a lot of great recipes from the Sittos and yours are exactly alike. Thank you for sharing your extensive knowledge. I just ordered a couple of cookbooks as gifts.

  36. I plan my first attempt at Baklawa using your method tomorrow and if it turns out as nicely as yours looked on your instructional video I am going to make a second batch to take to Christmas dinner!

  37. Hi Maureen,
    Thank you so much for sharing this short cut version. Both batches turned out beautifully and were delicious. I just need to practice on cutting into diamond shapes! I wanted to point out a few differences between the printed PDF recipe and the video. The recipe instructions call for brushing the bottom of the pan and top layer with butter but that wasn’t done in the video. (It states this in your cookbook too). I tried it both ways and found it better to do as shown in the video. Brushing the top layer sure made it even more difficult (at least for me) to cut. Also, the instructions in the PDF version of the recipe on your website states to combine the walnuts, sugar and mazaher even though the mazaher does not appear in the filling ingredients. I know you do not include it in your filling and thought you would like to know. Again, thank you. I have so enjoyed reading your stories and making so many of your recipes. Happy Holidays!

  38. Getting ready to assemble the baklava. I use to butter each sheet, like my Greek yiayia taught me. What a pain! From now on, I’m going Lebanese. 20 bottom, nuts, 20 top. Cut, butter, bake. Doesn’t get any easier. Thank you.

  39. I need to make a lot of baklava for a wedding. So I bought a 12x18x2 pan and my phyllo dough is 12×14 . So my question is how much nuts to use and do I use one pkg for bottom and one for top. I know that I will have to add 4″more to fill the pan for top and bottom.

    1. Wow! I think you’re saying you have one package of dough that has two sleeves of phyllo in it; if so you’ll want two sleeves for the bottom and two for the top of this smaller size, since these are cut too small for your pan, and you’ll want to overlap or stagger them to fit and that will take more than one sleeve. I’d increase the filling to 5 cups, but hold back when you spread it over the phyllo to get a feel for how much you’ll need. I don’t like too much filling because it makes the diamonds more difficult to handle. Lucky couple!

  40. Wonderful, thanks for sharing!
    For those suggesting to add honey/cinnamon–Stop it. Maureen has been so very kind; I’ll be my honest Lebanese self. Be2lewa or Baklawa is done as described in the recipe Maureen shared. If you add honey to it, it becomes something else. “NOT RIGHT!” That might be your tradition (Greek, etc.) but NOT Lebanese and hence “Not Right!” BTW, my ant and cousins are ‘Nicolaous’ -obviously a Greek last name, and I love Greeks.

  41. Hi – Do you think that your version makes the layers a little more dense or the nuts a bit more greasy if all the butter has to go through them to get to the bottom? We always make the diamond shape with one layer of nuts in the middle (aka, by one commenter, “the restaurant version”), but we butter in between each phyllo layer.

    1. Hi Jo–baklawa is traditionally made by buttering each layer as you do, but this method that my aunt used and that I now use works beautifully. The nuts stay beautiful. She, and then I, found that leaving the flower water out of the nuts and using it just in the syrup made a difference in keeping the nuts from softening. Try it! I think you’ll be amazed at how wonderfully this method works!

  42. Maureen,

    For a long time I wanted to make baclava/baklawa myself. I am born Romanian (now living in Canada) and my mother and her generation have used a different recipe, perhaps turkish or greek, passed down through spoken word – which I think – has lost some of the details which you expose in your recipe. I love the stories around your family’s baklawa cooking that you shared with us.

    Yesterday, December 30th, 2017, I followed your instruction and made baklawa by myself for the first time ever and it is amazing. The little details count. It is so easy to make nowadays that I will probably make it every month and binge on it!

    Thank you for the amazing recipe.

    1. Dan, this is so special! Thanks a million for all of your kind words. I’m thrilled you love this recipe as much as we do.

  43. This looks good I’m almost afraid to make it… I have a bad feeling I would end up eating up all those little diamonds all in one day…

    But I guess if it’s only once in a while it’s not the most terrible thing in the world, right? 🙂

  44. Hi Maureen
    Thanks for all your wonderful recipes. I butter every other sheet of phyllo and add a tsp of cinnamon to my nut mixture. I find making Baklawa very relaxing as I just take my time. I always have used Rose water ,but I think I am going to try the orange blossom next time. I make a large pan at Christmas for my friend’s Christmas party . They are Italian and it is always a big hit with their family. I have had many of them ask for the recipe.

    1. That is wonderful Susan! Our Italian neighbors also LIVE for the baklawa. We are all cousins aren’t we?! Thank you for sharing!

  45. Hi Maureen;

    I have made this recipe several times and it works magically well. Question, If I wanted to make this as a savory pie (spinach), same method with same quantities of butter?

    Thank you in advance for the reply

    1. So happy to hear that Maria! As for the spinach pie, you wouldn’t typically cut the phyllo until after baking, whereas this method relies on the phyllo cuts before baking in order for the butter to seep down through all of the layers. Even if you did cut the savory pie first and pour the butter over all, the filling may be less forgiving in terms of allowing the butter through, as it will be much thicker and heavier than nuts. Hmmm. If you do try it please let us know! I would use the same amount of butter as for baklawa, if not a little less.

    1. Great suggestion Anthony–that’s a recipe I’d love to develop! Typically the cream filling is used with kataifi dough (shredded phyllo) rather than as baklawa. Is that you’re experience or have you had the baklawa with a cream filling?

  46. Hi – I was watching Martha Bakes today and a Greek baker was describing how her family hand stretches their phyllo dough. It reminded me of how my Lebanese grandmother made her own phyllo dough for something we called Meh-heh-lee. My grandmother used rose water as a flavoring which Martha did not. My question is about what you call the Lebanese version. Are you aware of a different name other than Baklava?

    1. Hi Kevin–there are a variety of baklavas with different names, and the Lebanese spell and pronounce the classic as baklawa, with a w rather than a v sound at the end. I’d love to know more about Meh-heh-lee…

  47. I am going to try making a version (it has been over 20 years since I have made them). I so so so appreciate the original recipe and all the comments of those who shared their variations. It gives me more options and I enjoy learning about the different family takes on an internationally loved dessert!

  48. Oh, I can’t WAIT to make this, the way your Aunt Rita did! I’ve only made baklava once, the time consuming way, & vowed never again. But then I came across your video how-to on YouTube & was quite intrigued! I even bought some of your orange blossom water just now! Thank you for making your baklawa look so easy!

    1. Hi Kristin!! Thank you so much and I know you’re going to enjoy this baklawa as much as we do. So much fun to make it and absolutely delectable to eat!

  49. My mother and grandmother (TaTa) make the Syrian version and usually do the rolled version— which seems easier to make. My mom just made a bunch for Christmas— so good!!

  50. I just ran across your blog looking for ideas for something special to make for my daughter’s wedding. I was SO excited to find your recipe, this is made the way my grandfather made it! It was always his job, and he loved it. My mother makes it more the Greek way, with the phyllo layers interspersed with nuts. I look forward to going back to my Lebanese family tradition! And your blog, I am subscribing immediately. It is truly written with love! Love for the food, love for family. Makes my heart happy to read it!

    1. Well Cyndi, it makes my heart happy to read your comment! Thank you somuch, and blessings on your daughter’s marriage. Her wedding will be graced with your beautiful baklawa!

  51. Thank you so much, Maureen! <3 Also have ordered a copy of your book, and can't wait for it to arrive!!

  52. Hi Maureen,

    I have been searching for good Lebanese recipes for a long time. My Tita (that’s what we called her and how she spelled it) was the best cook! Sadly she never taught me how to make these beloved dishes and didn’t write her recipes to share. She liked making me happy with her food. Boy do I miss kibbeh nayyyeh. As an adult I have made a few attempts at making Lebanese food but haven’t done well. Now that I have adult children and could possibly have grandchildren soon, I want to learn. Today I made the bit-lay-wee, followed to a t, but my the top and bottom are coming completely apart, all the nuts are just falling out and I want to cry. On a positive note, the flavor of the syrup is spot on. Help!

    1. Laura, the falling-apart happens to me sometimes too…frustrating. The baklawa should be more cohesive after it dries and sits for a day.

  53. So, this site is my new favorite go-to for all things Lebanese! My great-grandfather did a ton of cooking and taught me how to make tabbouleh, kibbeh, dolmas, baklawa, and fattouche. I’ve never personally made a large quantity of baklawa, but my brother’s getting married this weekend and requested I make a ton!! So I have a question:

    When making larger quantities of baklawa, should I raise baking temp, and is it okay to lay in 2 pans at a time at all??

    Thanks in advance!!

    1. Kaleb! You can bake two pans at once if you are sure to rotate the pans from shelf to shelf. Keep the temperature the same. It is better to bake them individually for evenness but you can make multiples work. Lucky brother and wedding guests!

  54. Hi Maureen,
    I am making two trays right now, one the pour-over method and one the traditional way, so I can see if anyone can tell the difference!
    My question: How much syrup does your recipe make? I am using some syrup I already have made.

    1. Hi Christine–my recipe makes 1 3/4 cups syrup. Can’t wait to hear about your two batches! Let us know!

    1. Leslee, you know, I haven’t. I would wonder if the phyllo would roll without drying and cracking using this method. Have you? Worth a try!!

    1. If you do buy ghee, make sure it is all-butter ghee without any flavorings. Some butter ghee is butter-flavored and it tastes and smells like movie theater butter….

      1. Maureen, I’m just reading this content and now worried about time ghee I bought at the global market today. Perhaps you are familiar with it and could verify? Ziyad brand, premium butter ghee. Beurre clarifie . Ingredients: clarified butter (MILK)
        This is all the jar says.

        1. Hi Laura–for some of these prepared ghee products, it’s best to rely on how they taste and aroma. If you like what you taste and smell, then your baklawa will be delicious! My personal favorite for baklawa is my own homemade clarified Plugra or Kerrygold butter.

    1. Hi Zeena–I’m not a fan of glass pans for baklawa. The metal pan does a better job conducting heat, crisping the phyllo, and proving squared corners!

  55. Hey Maureen, I live in England but I faithfully follow your blogs. Due to Covid challenges, I have not been able to visit my parents in Lebanon for 18 months now and I do miss them. I attempted your Baklawa recipe today and it has brought all memories rushing back. Thank you

  56. Maureen, I am making this tomorrow. I’ve just prepared the syrup, exactly as the recipe says. I purchased phyllo and orange blossom water at a global market here in Wichita. (Wichita has a tremendous Lebanese population.) I have 2 questions: 1. I made 2 batches, the first I forgot to wait 5 minutes after the syrup boiled before adding the orange water. Hoping this won’t affect it? and 2. Your commentary mentions your first attempt was soggy and far too strong with the orange water. As I said, I followed your recipe exactly, but I’m fearing the orange blossom water will be overpowering? I have never used it, it smells very potent and I’m afraid it will affect the flavor of the baklava. Does it just seem this way to me because I’m not familiar with it? (I’m providing dessert for 70 on Saturday….I’m an experienced cook and baker but never made baklava, however you made this seem so easy. It’s the perfect fall dessert!)

    1. Wonderful, I’m so happy you’re baking the baklawa with my simplified method! The orange blossom addition based on the recipe will be fine and as long as the syrup did simmer for 5 minutes, it will be okay that you added the orange blossom water right after. I use two teaspoons of orange blossom per batch of syrup and it is perfect.

  57. My mother taught me how to make baklawa, the way her grandmother taught her. My mother made me help her with the baklawa when she got arthritis in her hands. At first I found it tedious, but now I am so happy that she taught me how to make it. I feel a little guilty doing it without buttering every layer, but if it comes out good I’m not even going to tell my mother I did that! I’m also going to try the “log” type and put both in my holiday gift tins for everyone this year.

    1. Haha! I didn’t tell my mother-in-law either! My husband Dan likes to tease me that I’m “cheating”!! But the end result is so excellent that no one can argue with it really. The log type is what some in my family make exclusively. I like it alot for how each piece holds together so nicely. Happy baking!

  58. I posted a question a couple months ago, and never received a response. I would like to use two boxes of phyllo dough. One for the bottom layer and one for the top. Can I do this and still omit buttering each layer? Would it come out the same and what other modifications should I make with two boxes. I found that using only one box that the baklava is not thick enough.

    1. Hi Virginia, so sorry about that! I assume you’re using the large size phyllo in a larger pan than the 13x9x2? My recipe calls for the smaller size that contains two rolls in it. In that case you can use two boxes, placing one stack on the bottom and one stack on top of the nuts. In any case with more phyllo you will want to increase the amount of clarified butter adding another 1/3 to 1/2 cup. Pour over slowly to see if it’s getting absorbed and if the phyllo seems dry, add more. If you over-butter, you can always pour off the excess after or during baking as my Aunt Rita sure did! Let us know how it goes and I’m standing by for any questions!