Lebanese Mujadara

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Lebanese Mujadara is a traditional pilaf of lentils with rice or bulgur and caramelized onions. Learn how to make authentic mujadara with my step-by-step instructions for success! Just a few basic ingredients will get you there. Read my original story about Mmmm-mmm-mujadara here!

Lebanese Mujadara with labneh and caramelized onions in a white dish

Mujadara is one of the most beloved Lebanese dishes. The flavor of this classic pilaf is mouthwatering, and so satisfying too. Every ingredient in mujadara has a high nutritional value: lentils are a great source of fiber, and together with rice or bulgur the combination makes a “perfect protein.”

While mujadara is found in most every Lebanese cookbook as a vegetarian specialty for seasons like Lent and Ramadan, the dish is so delicious that it’s a staple throughout the year. Here, I find myself making mujadara almost every single week! It keeps so well and is just as delicious warm from the pot the day it’s made as it is as a leftover, eaten at cold, room temperature, or rewarmed.

“Mujadara” comes from the Arabic word meaning “pockmarked,” likely a reference to the pebbly look of this dish with the round lentils and bulgur or rice. This pilaf has been on tables for more than 800 years! That is because mujadara is nutritious, satisfying, and of course, so delicious. The caramelized onions that flavor this dish do all of the work to transform lentils and rice or bulgur into an earthy, complex meal.

What is Mujadara?

Lebanese Mujadara is a pilaf made with lentils, caramelized onions, and rice or bulgur. Mujadara made with bulgur (my favorite!) is Mujadara Hamra. This dish is essentially peasant food, food that developed out of need. But in the hands of the Lebanese women who throughout history have known instinctively how to make all food taste good, the ingredients were transformed into a favorite dish that is comforting and delicious.

Why you’ll love my authentic Mujadara recipe.

There is a reason this recipe is a fan favorite from my cookbook and from very early days of this web site to now! I painstakingly developed my recipe to achieve the following:

  1. Excellent texture: one of the pitfalls of mujadara-making is getting mushy results. Make mujadara following my recipe and your mujadara will have lentils that hold their shape.
  2. Beautiful deep brown color. My recipe calls for caramelizing the onions so deeply, and then deglazing the pan with water for a few minutes to get all of that color and flavor.
  3. So economical! Mujadara is known to be one of the most economical dish, because its ingredients of lentils, rice or bulgur, and onion are so basic.
  4. Easily feeds a crowd. This recipe makes enough for eight people as a main dish, or double that as a side dish. Mujadara makes a great lunch on-the-go because it is delicious at room temperature and keeps so well for several days.
Small brown lentils for mujadara, on a board.

Ingredients to make Lebanese Mujadara

Lentils. Not just any will do! Here we need small, hard brown lentils that will hold their shape. I like Spanish Pardena lentils for mujadara.

Neutral oil. Why neutral? The onions for mujadara are cooked at a high temperature to a very deep golden brown. Neutral oil has a high smoke point. As a result, neutral oil cooks at a higher temperature and for a longer period of time. Though we love our evoo, we use it here as a finisher. Cook the onions with a neutral oil such as expeller-pressed canola, safflower or avocado oil.

Yellow onion. LOTS of it! Those jumbo yellow onions some grocery stores carry are perfect here. Or several medium or large onions. Anywhere from 4 to 6 cups will do. Avoid sweet onion for mujadara; the flavor of yellow onion is better here.

Rice or coarse bulgur. We have a divide in our family on this! Mom made mujadara with rice. Dad’s family, mujadara without rice, using coarse bulgur. Both are fabulous. Rice makes mujadara gluten-free. Mujadara without rice, replaced with bulgur, lends extra protein and fiber. Take your pick. The recipe is the same either way.

Salt, pepper, and extra virgin olive oil for finishing. Try flavorful, unfiltered extra virgin olive oils from Lebanon in my shop here.

How to make Lebanese Mujadara

Here’s a step-by-step guide to make mujadara:

  1. First, par-cook the lentils.The little brown lentils that hold their shape are also harder than standard lentils. Cook them for a few minutes to soften them before adding to the mujadara. In a small saucepan with 2 cups of water and a pinch of salt, bring the lentils to a boil, then simmer until the lentils are par-cooked (“partially cooked”), about 7 minutes.
  2. Caramelize the onions. Get ready to go dark with your onions! Cook the onions in a large, heavy sauté or sauce pan (with a lid) and cook until the onions deep golden brown, about 20 minutes. Once the onions start to brown, stay close by, stirring frequently to avoid burning. Some charring will occur in order to get them all browned, which is a good thing! Sprinkle with a pinch of salt as the onions cook.

    Charred onions on the stove for mujadara
  3. Add the water to the onions.Add 2 cups of water to the onions, off heat to avoid splattering, and cook that for about 5 minutes. The liquid takes on the deep golden color of the onions and the onions will continue to soften.
  4. Add the rice or bulgur and par-cooked lentils.The rice or bulgur are added dry, but the lentils go in with their cooking liquid to the onion mixture. Season with salt, pepper, and any other spices (cumin or 7 Spice are delicious here). Be sure to taste the cooking liquid and adjust the seasonings if needed.

    Lentils and onions cooking for mujadara
  5. Cover and cook.Reduce heat to low, cover the pot, and simmer until the liquid is absorbed and the rice and lentils are cooked through, about 20 minutes. The finished texture of the rice or bulgur and lentils is somewhat al dente, with separate granules. Remove from heat and season to taste with salt and pepper.
  6. Serve and eat! Serve mujadara hot, warm, or room temperature with a drizzle of olive oil. A dollop of labneh (thickened Lebanese yogurt) is traditional here. A salad is also a perfect mujadara side dish.
Maureen carrying the platter of mujadara to the table

How to serve Mujadara.

Mujadara is delicious topped with labneh (Greek yogurt), a fried or poached egg, wrapped in pita bread or with a fattoush salad, or green salad of any kind.

I love to serve mujadara on a platter over an  arugula, avocado, and tomato salad (see this). This is a gorgeous and colorful way to serve mujadara.

Mujadara rolled in pita on a white plate

Tips for making the best Mujadara.

Deeply caramelize the onions for the richest flavor. Some of the onions will burn a little, and that’s okay.

Most grocery stores carry a flat greenish lentils, red or yellow lentils. Don’t use these, as they will lose their shape and easily become mushy. For the best results, look for small brown lentils, such as Spanish Pardena. Find the right lentils in the shop here.

If using bulgur, use coarse bulgur, which is known as #3. Find a good coarse bulgur here.

Fine and coarse bulgur side by side in a blue bowl

How to store Mujadara.

After the mujadara cools, store it in an air-tight container in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Lebanese Mujadara makes a delicious leftover served at room temperature or reheated.

To freeze mujadara, simply store in an airtight container in the freezer for up to 3 months.

Substitutions and Tips.

  1. Make mujadara with long grain white rice, such as Mahatma brand, or converted white rice, such as Ben’s.
  2. When using bulgur to make mujadara without rice, be sure the bulgur is coarse. Coarse bulgur is a heftier granule, known as “#3.” Fine bulgur does not work for mujadara. Save the fine bulgur for tabbouleh and kibbeh recipes.
  3. Serve mujadara with a dollop of cool, thick labneh (thickened yogurt, like Greek yogurt). This pairing is classic!
  4. In my cookbook, my mujadara gets a little fancier topped with fried onion strings. A delicious option!

Frequently Asked Questions.

how long does mujadara last?

This is a keeper! Mujadara will stay fresh for at least five days in the refrigerator, in an airtight container. To reheat, simply spritz with a little water and warm in the microwave, on the stove top, or covered in the oven.

is mujadara healthy?

Considering that mujadara is made with protein- and fiber-packed lentils as its base, this is a very healthy legume dish. Plant-based protein, defined! Mujadara with rice is healthy because the rice is paired with the lentils. Mujadara without rice, using bulgur instead, results in even higher nutritional value. That’s because bulgur is high in protein and fiber (unlike white rice).

Can you make mujadara in advance?

Mujadara is one of my favorite recipes for make-ahead meals. Make mujadara up to five days ahead of serving! Reheat mujadara on the stove with a little olive oil and water to moisten the pilaf, over low heat, stirring until warmed through. Or reheat in the microwave, with a napkin or paper towel over the top to avoid splattering.

What is the meaning of mujadara?

The Arabic word mujadara means “pockmarked,” referring to the pebble-like look of the lentils and rice or bulgur.

what nationality is mujadara?

Mujadara originates in the Middle East. Mujadara is a staple recipe in Lebanese cooking.

how do you pronounce mujadara?

The first syllable is very short and barely uttered. Pronounce mujadara like this: mm-JHUD-duh-duh.

What to eat with Mujadara?

A favorite mujadara menu is mujadara with a salad such as Easy Cabbage Salad, Lebanese Salad (salata), or Lebanese Fattoush Salad; a cool creamy topping of labneh or Crunchy Yogurt Cucumber Salad; and pita bread (homemade pita bread is fun to bake!).

More Lebanese Recipes to try:

This is story about Mujadara-love, or lack thereof!

Lebanese Kibbeh Recipes

Classic Lebanese Salad (Salata)

Lebanese Chicken Shish Tawook

Lebanese Stuffed Cabbage Rolls

Lebanese Mujadara with labneh and caramelized onions in a white dish
5 from 1 vote

Lebanese Mujadara Recipe

By Maureen Abood
This pilaf is made with lentils, caramelized onions, and rice or coarse bulgur. There tends to be some question as to how far the onions should be taken in the caramelization process. They must be dark, very dark golden brown. Some of the onions will verge on burnt. But entirely burnt onions will produce a bitter mujadara and the onions won’t ‘melt’ into the lentils and rice as they should when they are soft. Mujadara is delicious with labneh, flatbread, a green salad, and if you want to get fancy, some crispy fried onions strings on top.
Servings: 8

Ingredients 

For mujadara:

Instructions 

  • First, par-cook the lentils. Place the lentils in a small saucepan with 2 cups of water and a pinch of salt. Bring to boil over high heat. Reduce heat and simmer until lentils are par-cooked, about 7 minutes. Remove from the heat.
  • In a large, heavy sauté or sauce pan (with a lid), heat the canola oil over medium high heat. Add the onions and cook until deep golden brown, about 20 minutes, stirring frequently to avoid burning, though some charring will occur in order to get them all browned. Sprinkle with a pinch of salt as the onions cook.
  • Take the onions off the heat and add 2 cups of water. Place back on the heat and bring to a boil, then reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes. The liquid will take on the deep golden color of the onions and the onions will continue to soften.
  • Add the rice or bulgur and par-cooked lentils and their cooking liquid to the onion mixture. Bring to a boil. Sprinkle with a pinch of salt and pepper. Taste the cooking liquid and add more salt and pepper if needed. Cover, reduce heat to low and simmer until the liquid has been absorbed and the rice and lentils are cooked through, about 20 minutes. The texture of the rice or bulgur and lentils is somewhat al dente. Remove from heat and season to taste with salt and pepper. Serve hot, warm, or room temperature drizzled with olive oil.

Video

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Additional Info

Author: Maureen Abood
Servings: 8
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169 Comments

  1. I will definitely go with canola oil next time–it is true that olive oil has a lower boiling point but I was so unconsciously wedded to it I never thought to change.

    1. Funny how that works; I hadn’t thought of changing either, even though canola has been such a revelation in the last year. Can always get the flavor with a drizzle of olive oil when it’s all done.

      1. Yes, I’m going to do the drizzle. Also, I’d never deglazed the pan after frying the onions before, and I like how that is coming out.

        1. Oh good–I think it’s the key to getting a dark brown mujadara (more appetizing) and to getting everything well-flavored with the onion!

  2. Lentils were never a favorite of mine. Could this be done with small dried beans such as great northerns or black eyed peas?

    1. Ohhh, that’s clever Roger. I bet so. The key would be to watch the cook time so the beans don’t go to mush. Let me know….

  3. Love the story. I, too, discovered lentils while exploring vegetarianism as a college student. They are one of the few choices I made in that era that have stood the test of time. As of Jan 1 I have once again “gone veg”, in sympathy with my dabbling daughter. But only for 2 months. And there is a weekly venison clause…

    Lentils tonight!

    1. I commend your solidarity with your daughter, Greg! These lentils will be just the ticket. I just brought home a loaf of Epi from your Crooked Tree Breadworks this afternoon…I could eat the whole thing in one sitting on its own or with nutella or my apricot jam or butter…..it’s amazing.

  4. We always had mujadara on Fridays, no meat and when coming home from school as a child you could smell the onions from a block away. Mmmm Mmmm Good Stuff

    1. I bet those onions brought you in like the Pied Piper! Great memory. My mother talks about how they always had mujadara on Fridays too.

  5. When I was traveling in Ecuador last year, I had a great dish of lentils and rice. I wrote it down to remind myself to make it. I never did, but this recipe reminds me of it – I want to make your recipe over the weekend. PERFECT for a cold winter day! I love your photographs!

    1. Hi there! Thank you for reading and commenting. Interesting that a similar dish was made in Ecuador, and great that you will make this one soon. It will be delicious! All the best–

  6. Tried it with great northern beans and brown rice. Always like the microwave when I can. Soaked beans a few hours then added water and microwaved for an hour. (Didn’t measure as I should) Fried the onions then added them and rice to the half cooked beans. Also added beef powder and a little liquid smoke. I know that takes from the vegetarian but added flavor. More water and back in the microwave for an hour. Came out as a good side dish. I do think that a little sweet potato or butternut squash or carrots
    would add more color and flavor. I would think that adding ketchup or tomato juice would help and might give it a little more Lebanese flavor as tomatoes tend to go into everything.

      1. How would using brown rice change the cooking time and amount of water needed? On the stove, not in the microwave.

        1. Susannah, that is a great question. Try an additional 1/2 cup of liquid for 1 cup of brown rice (the ratio of rice:liquid for brown rice is 1:1.5) and cooking time may be 10 minutes or so longer (taste to test). I’d love to know how it comes out for you Susannah!

  7. Yes! I too was not a fan growing up but now I crave Mujadara.Great blog, traditional recipes and photos too. Thank you for beautiful pictures and perfect recipes to share with my friends.

      1. We recently had this dish at a restaurant in Myrtle beach. It was the first time I had had mujadara and I loved it. The owner of the restaurant told me how to make it. She is Lebanese and uses lentils, rice and onions but only uses allspice . Most recipes also use cumin. Have you ever made it with this spice?

        1. Hi Sally–how great that you talked with the restaurant owner about how to make mujadara. We don’t use cumin much at all in our Lebanese cooking, but many regions do. And for mujadara, we don’t add the cinnamon or allspice–but for many, many recipes, we do! It’s just a matter of various traditions and tastes. Please let me know if you make some…thanks for writing!

          1. I do not believe that to be true as my family in Lebanon and pretty much every Lebanese household I have ever known goes through cumin like salt, per se.

  8. Loved mujadera even as a kid–must have been the lingering smell of the ‘burnt’ onions, in olive oil–Maureen, I was laughing hard, outloud, the whole time I read your utterly charming column. Every one of your columns evokes such tender memories for me of my beloved Mother–I always helped her spread out the lentils on the table and hand sort each lentil off the edge of the table and into the pot, so that every dreaded little rock could be culled out of the lot–yes I am older than dirt (68) so I remember this essential process.
    Thank you for the memories!

  9. As a Lebanese girl who grew up eating my Sitto’s mjedera, I have to suggest that you use cinnamon and seven spice when sautéing the onion (or a cinnamon stick in place of powdered cinnamon). I can’t imagine mjedera without those favors – they are needed if you want the true, traditional version of the dish. Your recipe otherwise is fantastic. Also, yoghurt on top of the mjedera is a fantastic garnish. Sahtein! 🙂

    1. I was thinking the same thing. Being Armenian, I don’t see any depth of flavor in this recipe. I would think some cumin would be a great addition as well.

    2. How much cinnamon and how much 7 spices? I came back from a trip to Turkey with some delicious smelling 7 spices and am looking for recipes to use it in. Thanks.

      1. Hi Holly–I don’t use cinnamon or 7 spices in mujadara, but to start I would try a 1/4 teaspoon of each!

  10. Hello 🙂
    I discovered this dish by accident at a Middle Eastern deli a few weeks ago; I intended to buy something completely different, but the clerk gave me a spoonful of this to try, and my lunch plans changed immediately. I googled the recipe as I was eating my purchased mujadara, because it was so good that I had to know what was in it. I found your recipe to be the most inviting (it’s your blog, it looks so lovely) and tried it out the next day. It was perfect, and very favorably received by everyone I foisted it upon (four people… so far). This recipe, to my mind, is perfect: the ingredients are simple and dirt cheap, the proportions are committed to memory immediately, and the result is so good it almost feels like cheating: it shouldn’t be this easy and inexpensive to make something this tasty! So I just wanted to come back here and thank you; I’ll be making mountains of this stuff for years to come 🙂

    1. What a wonderful comment! How great to hear about your experience trying mujadara for the first time, and then enjoying making it yourself!! Please keep me posted on your cooking adventures…..

  11. About 25 years ago I once worked in a Lebanese restaurant that made the *best* mujadera I have ever tasted. The restaurant has since closed (really a shame) and I often wished I could find the former owners to beg for the mujadera recipe. By far – it was one of the most popular dishes far and wide. They used cracked wheat (bulgar) instead of rice and your recipe seems to be the closest to how I remember them making it – in huge batches no less. I’m excited to make this today – with a side of homemade yogurt or leban and a crispy fattoush. Thank you for the recipe — life is good! <3

  12. Hi! I have been looking for a recipe for Mujadera for forever!!! I love it, and bought a middle east cookbook because it had a recipe for Mujadrera, but it did not taste anything like I had tasted before. My 84 year old Mom dated a Lebanese gentleman and I had hope of finding a recipe through him, but he had no idea how to cook. I am going to try this tomorrow! I can’t wait!

  13. My great-grandparents were Lebanese, and though unfortunately not a lot of recipes have made it through the generations, I have happy memories of what I only knew of as ‘judra’. I’m very pleased to learn that it is indeed a real Lebanese dish!
    My nanna also used to make a vermicilli-and-rice dish that we called sherria, and small mince balls that we called coobie. Do they sound like they might have some resemblance to Lebanese recipes?

    1. Coobie sounds like kibbee. Which is ground beef mixed with chopped green onion and fresh minced parsley seasoned with a little salt and pepper then molded into short hot dog shapes then either grilled or broiled. The rice is simply noodles browned in oil and then cooked with the rice (sort of like Rice-A-Roni). Good luck!

  14. Hi! I tried Mujadara for the first time at a lebanese restaurant that I frequent often. I fell in love with it and immediately began looking for a recipe for it. I found yours and I can say that yours tastes delicious! I folowed your recipe exactly, exept I added a pinch of cumin and allspice and I used a red onion. I put in on a thick homestyle tortilla with some tomatoe and I was in heaven! lol

  15. Making this for my Lebanese husband. Hope it turns out OK…..have tried loads of things but they’re always a flop. My husband has told me to give up, but want to master this ” Lebanese Cooking ” thing.

  16. Maureen,
    How can I carmelize onions without using the oil? I am cooking for a person who follows the whole food based diet and is gluten-free? Thanks

    1. Hi Jackie–thanks for a great question. You can caramelize the onions in a slow-cooker (10-12 hours) with some broth (chicken or vegetable), then transfer to a saute pan, add par-cooked lentils and water, and go from there. I haven’t tried this, so I’d love to know how it comes out for you!

  17. Hi! I am half Lebanese and this was one of my favorite dishes growing up. I have always tried to duplicate my grandmother’s cooking but nothing ever tastes quite like hers! Most traditional Lebanese food takes a lot of time and preparation and I’m fairly lazy! I just finished using your recipe, which was very easy to follow. The end result tastes really good but, like you mentioned about your first attempts, mine was kind of mushy and some of the rice was a little hard still. Have you found a way to avoid this? I had to add more water after the first two cups because there wasn’t enough to cook the rice and it was sticking to the bottom of the pan. Either way, it still tastes yummy! The tip about using the regular oil for frying the onions was a lifesaver. I always think I have to use olive oil for Lebanese food but my onions never turned out right. This time, they were perfect! Thanks!

    Angela

  18. I grew up in Maine and of course had never heard of Mujadara. I then went to law school in Lansing, Michigan and I was introduced to it by a friend. There as a great Lebanese deli type of place and I fell in love with Mujadara, Falafel, and other great dishes. The Mujadara was my favorite though. I now live in Florida and I have not been able to find any place that makes Mujadara. I can’t wait to try this recipe.

  19. Wonderful recipe! I was just wondering though, when adding the lentils to the onion and water mixture, should I add the water the lentils were cooked in too? Or should I drain the lentils first and add them without the water?

  20. Hamdillah I found this. I fell in love with mujedera after having it at the mosque I converted at. I have been looking for a recipe for this ever since. Now that my fiancée is threatening vegetarianism I am glad to have found this! I applaud her for wanting to eat healthier and this will be a great dish especially as it is a whole protein. Thanks for the post!! Do you throw any seasonings into the dish?

    Chef tip – if you want to stop the onions from burning as they are getting close to being dark enough just add a splash of water or stock. The little bit of moisture helps to break the onions down while preventing them from sticking and therefore burning to the pan.

    1. Greg, thank you–there are many ways to season the mujadara; our tradition is salt and pepper only for this but many use allspice, cumin, cinnamon or other seasonings.

  21. Maureen,

    There’s a small Mediterranean grocer and deli down the street from me here in Oklahoma City, which is where I first tried mujadara. (I might add – there seems to be a hundred different spellings for the dish: this place calls it ‘mujadra.’) I’ve always wanted to attempt to make it at home, and somehow found my way to your recipe. I tried making it tonight, and while it tasted great (much like the deli I love – minimal seasoning; I’ve never detected cumin or any other spice in their version, for what it’s worth), I ended up with some less than desirable textures, with the rice being undercooked and the rest being mushy. Towards the end of the cooking process, just before the boiling point for the rice, it started to stick to the bottom of the pan and burn, and all of the liquid was absorbed way too early. I added another cup of water, but by then it was too late. Any suggestions?

  22. Mujadra is one of our favorite dishes.My husband loves his plain and my kids and I love addind lemon juice to ours.

  23. I have eaten majdra all my life and loved it as a kid but have never mastered the onions either…can’t wait to try the canola oil. what is it about fridays that make us want comforting carbs? bulgar wheat is an absolute! Not rice!

  24. Hi ! Thanks for posting this ! I have come to love this dish from living in Dearborn Mi, where we have access to a lot of wonderful Lebanese foods. I bought brown lentils and cracked wheat to make it, but I’m wondering about the cracked wheat. Is it treated exactly the same way as the rice as far as cooking time, etc. ? And if you use the wheat, do you have the same protein value ? Thanks, Chris

    1. Hi Chris! I use the same amount of time for rice or cracked wheat. Bulgur has about 5-6 grams of protein in a cup (cooked), whereas rice has about 4 grams.

  25. This was lovely. Thank you for the recipe. Son #2 ate three helpings (he’s four).

    We have many friends in Harbor Springs. Great to find your blog.

    Kate

  26. Thanks for sharing this recipe! I tried it out tonight and my mujadra was *so* much better. I usually end up with the burnt-onion mush!

  27. Just made this today for tomorrow – can’t wait to taste it after it’s had a chance to set a bit! I found your blog through a comment you made for a similar recipe in Food52! I’ve made the yogurt Rivka suggested, but followed your recipe exactly! Can’t wait to explore your blog a bit more! Thank you for sharing!

  28. Hi Maureen — I’m Lebanese and I too have fond memories of cooking with my Sitto’s and mom growing up. I’ve perused many of your posted recipes and they are as close, if not exact, to the way my family has cooked these dishes. There can be so many variations with different spices and so forth, but yours resonate “home” to me. Last night I made your mujadara recipe….it was superb! Thank you for your posts and for sharing these golden recipes with us! What a treat!

    Jodi
    Elgin, Texas

    1. How special, Jodi! I’m so happy to know that we share a similar approach to our Lebanese dishes. Thank you for sharing and please do keep in touch!

  29. My husband is Lebanese and prides himself on his traditional cooking. Most is just fine although when it comes to his mujadarah he refuses to listen to me about the cook time and the fact that he mashes them to a pulp! He insists this is the way his mother did it. Please tell me this is done in some regions, I really prefer them not mashed, and not pulverized, and wish I had a fact to rely on to prevent his devotion to the blender!

    1. Hello Donna! I have seen some recipes that do make the mujadara pulverized, so I can see how it may be that your mother-in-law made it that way–BUT, the other version, like mine, is the only way it is prepared in my extended clan and by everyone I know who makes it!

  30. Hello! I am 2nd generation Lebanese and my Sittie made her mujadara with rice and it was very mushy, just like a porridge (oh, how amazing it was!) with the sautéed onions on top. Although many in family would joke that the mujadara was POW (prisoner of war) food, it was the most amazing dish ever and I looked forward to that meal every Friday evening!

    Happy New Year to you!

  31. I lived on 26th St and Lexington in NYC for 20 years and loved every minute of my years in “little Pakistan” eating curry and the like 3-4 x a week. My almost daily stop was Kalustyans a fabulous Lebanese spice store that offered the most amazing mujadara ever. So good that I dared not try to reproduce it when I moved away years ago. I have never seen it made with Bulgur which is the way that they made it on Lexington Ave. This is the closest and most delicious I have had in years…thanks for this great recipe!!

    1. That’s great news Joan, thank you! And a great memory of your mujadara at Kalustyans–I’m a big fan of their online store for so many great imports.

    1. Hi Mona–I have never eaten canned lentils! My only concern is if they are very soft out of the can, they may overcook in the mujadara. If you do try it, skip the par-cooking of the lentils, and add the drained canned lentils when you add the rice or bulgur. You’ll only need enough liquid to cook the rice or bulgur, since the lentils are already cooked.

  32. Great recipe, loved it used frieke instead of bulghur and added a touch of cinamon cumin and finished of with a drop of lemon juice. Thanks

    1. Freekeh mujadara sounds delicious–clever!! Nice with the lemon juice too; I often eat mujadara topped with an arugula salad dressed in lemon vinaigrette.

  33. Saw this in a cookbook and quickly snapped a high rez pic and made it today. The caramaleized onions will really transform this dish, I think, from mundane to marvelous…just a feeling. It’s cooking now. This recipe also contains toasted almonds, sliced dried apricots, but no cumin or middle eastern spices. Odd. But still–it smells delightful.

    Just checked and the rice isn’t quite cooked, so I added a bit more broth and a bit more time. Hopeful!

    1. Delicious! Our traditional mujadara is not heavily spiced, salt and pepper only. But nice to experiment!

      1. I may try variations later,but this is a good basic recipe I will cook. Good staples to add to my emergency pantry foods too!

  34. Just made it for lunch.I need to fry up more onions next time. Looks
    like the kids enjoyed it. Having it for dinner.

    Thanks for sharing. What a great meal with a salad and perhaps some bread. Can’t complain about the cost either! Found you looking for this recipe. Staying to check out more.Could you make the lentil burger a print/pdf? Been saving recipes to the phone.

  35. Thank you for your comprehensive recipe. I only had green lentils and was looking for the best recipe and yours is the authentic deal, I spent 30 minutes finding the right one. Moujadara was always my favorite meal as a child, we had it with salad my other favorite food. Well lebanese style salad_The best. Haven’t had Moojie (our nickname for it growing up) in decades! Thank you Maureen.
    Gotta go and start carmalizing the onions.

    1. I’m so glad you found this Lalia! Thanks so much for taking a moment to comment. Enjoy the Moojie!

  36. Maureen,
    My mother was an awesome Arabic cook and I liked just about everything she made EXCEPT MUJADARA! Lately I bought it already prepared at a Middle Eastern Grocery Store.and loved it except that, in my opinion, it was too oily. So in looking for a recipe, I found you web site. I really enjoyed reading how you too disliked Mujadara as a child. My mother made a fantastic lentil soup that I’m going to try. Glad I found you and your recipes.

    1. That is great!! I think this version will win you over (not at all too oily), and your lentil soup sounds like a winner too….

  37. That’s a fantastic recipe for the much appreciated mujadara. May I add a little detail about a “side” dish that can go well with? In Tripoli (Lebanon) where I grew up, it is usual to prepare a side dish by combining yogourt (laban) with diced cucumber (peeled and core removed), plus a sprinkle of dried mint leaves on top. It seems to balance the “dryness” of the mujadara. By the way, the core of cucumber is not to be wasted: it has a cooling and refreshing effect and can be used as a quick mask.

  38. Thank you so much for this recipe! I was looking for a recipe to recreate the lentils and rice dish with lamb fillets that I have had at a local Lebanese restaurant. These lentils are spot on! I did add the cinnamon as I recalled that flavour. Thank you, thank you, thank you – I can’t wait to explore the rest of your recipes!!

  39. Thanks Maureen, there’s a way it’s done with a pressure cooker, it comes out like porridge and is cooled in individual plates where it gels. I don’t know how it’s done, but I like the texture and taste more than this one. I reduced the onions by half here, still you’re recipe is simple and great.

  40. I always loved Mujadara – my mother never had to twist my arm to eat it, My family ate it by scooping it up with big pieces of onion (and that’s the way I still eat it) and of course Syrian bread. Love your photos and story, as always.

  41. I am a vegetarian of Gujarati origins; very lucky to have had friends from many parts of the world with whom I ha;ve cooked and created recipes over 40 years. Internet has made it possible to “meet” people like you who inspire me to keep experimenting. Gujaratis cook “khichadi” which uses rice and daal (split legumes e.g. moong, various types of lentils, gunga peas, etc.) and whole spices such as cumin seeds, peppercorns, cinnamon stick and cloves, turmeric, etc. I have experimented preparing mujadara with all kinds of grains as well – short-grain brown rice, wild rice, green wheat, quinoa, etc. as I have got older and mindful of need to eat less acidic foods. I have also used beetroot and wild greens to create nutritious stocks which happily add variety to taste and colour. Nature is so generous with its wild bounty! The question is : in doing so, what about the original name? Does it matter?

  42. Thank you so much for this recipe! A little family owned resturant I used to frequent made this as a special and it quickly became my all time favorite dish. They closed 10 years ago and I have been searching for a recipe ever since. I’ve made so many that were not even close. Twice I’ve found it in other restaurants but it was never as good. This nails it. Now I can have my favorite dish whenever I want and I cannot tell you how happy it has made me. So far I’ve made it 5 times and every time I get it better.

  43. Thank you for this recipe, Maureen! We are lucky to have access to a lot of middle eastern restaurants where I am in Southeast Michigan, which prompted my love for all of these foods. I recently realized that I love to make all things from scratch (mostly ends up being Italian food because I grew up in a big Italian family) but I rarely make these middle eastern gems at home. There are so many great spots in metro Detroit, but I want to be able to make it at home like I do with other favorites. This recipe is just what I was looking for (particularly with bulgar wheat rather than rice, since that’s how I prefer it). Hope you are well, and I know the areas you speak of well, we vacation “up north” and frequent places such as Traverse City, and I went to law school at Michigan State up in East Lansing. 🙂 Thank you!

  44. I just made this mujadara, never heard of it before, found the recipe thru Pinterest. LOOOOOOOOOVED IT!! My daughter ate all of it!
    From Venezuela, thanks for the story and recipe.

  45. This looks just like the mujadara that from one of my favorite restaurants! I want to try this recipe without rice, how would you suggest adjusting the recipe in this case? Maybe substituting a 1:1 ratio of the rice for more lentils? Thanks!

    1. Jessica, if you don’t want to use rice or bulgur (I love it with the bulgur!), you could double the lentils instead. I’d love to hear how it goes when you try it! The texture may be a little different without the starch but I bet it will taste wonderful.

  46. Just cooked this for the first time-awesome stuff! Only problem was my onions were melting away before they really carmelized…my version included star anise and all spice, but no cumin. I could eat it either way. Kind of reminds me of hoppin’ John from South Carolina!

  47. I made this today exactly as written and it is delicious! Terrific recipe and now we want to eat it all the time. Thank you!

  48. Hi Maureen…Mujadara was a staple in my home when I was growing up, as it is now. My Syrian Mom always used brown lentils and rice, cooked together as a pilaf. She caramelized the onions and garlic on the side (crescent moon slices, the bigger the better!), then added the onions to the pilaf at the end. We serve it with a large dollop of laban or Greek yogurt, salt and pepper. It freezes well and I always make a double batch to have leftovers. Whenever I visit my brother’s family, I make a batch for them and they love it…it brings back good memories! As a vegetarian, it has kept me rooted to my heritage as well as provided a great low-fat, vegetarian meal. Thanks for highlighting it in your blog!

    1. My mom always makes it with crescent moon slices, just as you describe! I’ve never frozen mujadara and am happy to hear it works. I will do it!

  49. Hey Maureen! This was the first Lebanese dish I learned to make. It is also my absolute favourite. I actually grind up the onions in a food processor because my boys when young insisted “we hate onions” but you can’t get the flavour of Muddudrah/Mujudra without the onions so they never realised there were onions in it. As you know, each Lebanese family has its own way of making a dish so it’s good to see how your family makes it. Your pictures are also so inviting!

  50. Thank you, Maureen, for this beautiful recipe. I haven’t been able to taste mujaddara since moving to Texas from NYC (Kalustyans served an amazing one) five years ago. This one was divine!

  51. I love this recipe and your site! The foods have such a bright and fresh or warm and homey flavors. I grew up eating Lebanese food, although I’m not from a Lebanese family. These foods really remind me of my childhood so much. Would it be possible to substitute quinoa in place of the rice? Do you know how that change may effect the amount of liquid needed?

    1. Clever, substituting quinoa for the rice or bulgur. I haven’t tried this! I would treat the quinoa the same way you do when you cook it alone (same liquid-to-quinoa ratio, plus the 1-1 liquid for the lentils). Let me know how you like it if you do!

  52. Hi Maureen I LOVE your website, amazing food with great stories. I am half palestinian and half lebanese, and just a trick, you can add a little cumin to this for taste and to ease off the stomach bean gas. Usually we put cumin (just a pinch ) on anything with beans.

  53. I am so glad you have a website to feature Arabic cooking! I am Palestinian too and went to school in Beirut.
    I do add spices to the Mujadara, such as, cinnamon, allspice, coriander, cumin and turmeric. The spices make it very tasty!

  54. I love this dish and am making it again this week. My 4 year old daughter devours it! I would mention for rookie cooks (like me!) that it is best to carmelize the onions in a stainless steel pan for the best flavour. Also, it took me a LOT longer than 20 minutes to get the deep carmel colour for the onions (closer to an hour). Thanks for this great dish and a lovely introduction to Lebanese food!

  55. Maureen thank you so much for sharing this recipe – this is one of my favorite foods that my mother used to make! I cannot wait to try it, I have the lentils and the cracked wheat I just didn’t know what to do with them… you explain everything so well I am sure I can make this!

    Thank you again ~Lorri

  56. Love your blog. Very innovative. Please allow me one remark. Your recipe is for Mudardara not Mujadara. The difference between the two? The amount of rice you add to the lentils: in Mujadara, you put less rice and in the final result you do not see it!

    1. Thank you very much Wadad! Must be to do with the cooking over the generations here in the U.S. as even our restaurants call this mujadara!

  57. I have a question, my son has food allergies and cannot eat Peanuts, treenuts, chickpeas, lentils, green peas, and sesame. Yes I know it’s awful. Just wondering if you know of any substitute for the lentils in this recipe? I am greek, and grew up with syrian/lebanese friends and love both food cultures although now avoiding the foods my son is allergic to has made enjoying those dishes with my family difficult at best.

    Thank you in advance for any help you an offer!

    1. Hi there–wow, that’s a challenge. You could make this with all bulgur or all rice and leave out the lentil. It will be delicious with the caramelized onion!

  58. Dearest Maureen,
    You have inherited the Art Science Generosity of Sharing Giving the Delicious, Healthy, Simple recipes of LEBANESE FORTUNE may the joyful life always be with You

  59. A staple in our family… especially during Lent. You are so right about serving with green salad, laban, crispy onions and flatbread, that is my absolute favorite way to have this dish. We also add some cinnamon and a little cumin when cooking, it makes the dish so fragrant and cinnamon compliments the lentils so well.

  60. Hi Maureen from Cyprus, we also make Moutjentra! The difference being that, the onions ,are cooked separately from lentils and rice mix,in another saucepan, and cut into thinish wedges and sautéed in lots of olive oil, more than you would normally use, until softly caramelised, i.e., slow and low to start with, when onions are soft ,medium high until caramelised . The use of a lot of olive oil here , is that it acts like a sauce to amalgamate the 2components of lentils and rice-and the caramalixed onions ,together, when they are both cooked and ready .
    Simultaneously,the lentils are cooked with enough hot water, as to cover them, in another saucepan, in an all-in one-pan ,method ,when brown lentils are al dente, we remove most of the water from saucepan ,then add enough hot water to cover lentils again by 1/2 inch or little more, when this comes to boil again, the washed rice is added, stirred and cooked on a low simmer, covered with lid ,until all juices are absorbed, and rice is puffed up with lentils and cooked.
    Now the magic starts…you have both saucepans in front of you, 3/4 of the caramelised onions are added to lentil-rice mix ,salt is added, and for us in Cyprus the juice of 1 lemon, or to taste, is added,according to the amount of lentil added in the beginning .Gently , this is mixed for flavours to mingle, only just, and seasoning checked.
    A tea towel is placed on top of saucepan and covered with lid , until the mixture relaxes, and ready to eat, where by the rest of the caramelised onions are added, and served with creamy ewes or goats milk yoghurt on the side , with a similar salad as Malfouf, with olive oil-lemon dressing.The radishes on side, lots of crispy sourdough on side… phew…… that was a marathon.. hope you try it.. Kalimera… good-day

    1. Wow Mairi, thanks so much for sharing your Cypriot moutjentra! I can’t wait to try this and especially excited to add lemon for delicious flavor.

  61. I am laughing because Mujadara was always (most always) our Friday night Lenten dish and we kids HATED IT!!!!! How did I end up loving it as an adult and my kids beg for it ???? I laugh when I see it in the NYC specialty stores selling for $11.99 per pound…LOL!

  62. Hi Maureen, with regards to my comment ,which you so kindly replied, I just wanted to say that 1stly the reason for changing the water when lentils are al dente, is that as you know , the water turns brown and therefore by changing it before rice is added, there is less discolouration….. As for the addition of lemon juice at end , when all are cooked through, firstly, it helps the whole dish remain lovely and alive, so to speak, and the zing , helps lighten the lentils, so it’s not heavy on the stomach . Please add salt and lemon juice ONLY when finishing the dish, as it will harden the lentils, and they will not turn out nice and creamy , if added before. Usually I make about 3-4 cups of the dried lentils, to 1 full cup of very well washed long grain rice(not parboiled please, it doesn’t work.) so I would add a large Cypriot lemon, which may be 1/2 cup of juice, maybe more, or to taste… there has to be a balance of taste from the salt to the olive oil( at lease 1+1/4 cups , yes… I know it seems a lot, but for my quantities , it’s not,) to the lemon juice…. done

  63. I adore your blog! Thank you so much for teaching me how to make mujadara through this recipe it’s literally my favorite dish and I make it at least once a week! I love using brown rice to make it even easier since you don’t have to parboil the lentils and can cook the brown rice and lentils together all at once 🙂

  64. We just made this yesterday and while us grown ups like it a lot, my 20 month old daughter basically inhaled her plates one after another calling for “more”. Thank you for this recipe!

  65. I’m not Lebanese like many of you, but mujadara has been one of my favorite recipes for years, now! At times, I’ll experiment with different spices, with/without the onions, etc. It freezes well, so I almost always make a big batch (2 C lentils + 2 C brown rice, or more) and freeze it in small-ish containers. That way I can pull out and defrost them one at a time. Non-traditional, but one thing I’ve done if, for example, I come from work hungry and want something in a hurry, is to put some cooked mujadara in a microwave-proof dish, top with a slice or two of good cheese, and “nuke” it. BTW, the yogurt (or cheese) adds to the complementary protein in the lentils and rice to make it even better.

  66. Easier and still very tasty:
    • undercook the rice anytime in advance by 5 minutes and store it in the fridge
    • caramelize lots of onions. 3 medium to large, and chop roughly. Fry first in canola oil, then when finished, reserve enough in a small bowl for a garnish, drain the oil in the pan and replace it with an equal amount of EVOO.
    • add lentils and enough water to complete cooking them (about 1 1/2 cups.) cover the pan.
    • after 15 minutes, add the pre-cooked rice, mix and cover until done (about 5 minutes)
    • stir, check for salt and pepper, garnish with reserved onions, and serve.

    1. Nice! Very similar, you’re cooking the rice in advance rather than the lentils. Thank you for sharing your method!

  67. If I use cracked wheat, do I still add as much water as if using rice?
    My kids love mujadara. It started while I was pregnant with my weekly lunches at Woody’s Oasis. Since then I have been trying to reproduce their flavor without success. I plan to give it a try now that I have your step by step instructions with pictures. Thank you.

    1. Oh great Sandra–I think you will love this recipe for mujadara! Use the same ratio for bulgur as you do rice, yes. For a little dryer texture and to ensure absolutely no mushiness, you can hold back on about 1/4 cup of the water overall. Let us know how it goes!

    1. Hi Eileen! You can warm the mujadara on the stovetop over low heat, stirring frequently and adding just a spritz of water to keep it from sticking or drying out. Or, reheat in the microwave in short bursts, stirring between.

  68. Just finished cooking this for the first time and it is utterly delicious! I put cumin, coriander, cinnamon, turmeric and a couple bay leaves (love my lentils with bay) into it as well. Usually I just opt for lentils and some veggies because it is so quick, but this was worth the wait. will be making this all the time! thank you so much for sharing

  69. Love the idea of adding laben on top! Also, didn’t realize that burning onions to a crisp (like we usually do) could leave a different taste. Going to try this way too. Thanks Maureen!

  70. Wonderful recipe..My family has been making this for decades. I do feel impelled to mention, however, that Labneh is NOT Greek yogurt! I can send to you the real recipe for labneh..from Beirut..in case you do not have it.

    1. David, thank you–and agreed, that would better read “OR Greek yogurt”! It is a decent substitution if someone is not able to find or doesn’t want to make labneh. I share your dedication to the nuanced differences! My recipe for labneh, which I love to make weekly, can be found in my cookbook as well as here on my blog, and more details here. You’ll find my recipes using laban and labneh all over the place and photographed on my social. I’d love to your recipe too if you’d like to share that via email!

  71. Love your cookbook and the blog and the great stories. I am Lebanese and didn’t like Mujadara as a kid. Now love it and this is exactly the way it is made in the Oklahoma City area where I live. Just came back from the Middle East two days ago with a renewed love and commitment to doing things the old, slow ways. Thanks for reminding me that we have a great heritage and part of honoring that is continuing to make the food we are known for.

  72. I’ve been looking for a mujadara recipe forever, but not just any recipe…..it has to taste like Woody’s mujadara. I knew your Uncle Fred. I had the privilege of eating lunch with him at Woody’s Oasis in East Lansing every now and then, usually on a Tuesday or Thursday. That’s when kibbe nayah was the special. Anyhow, Fred introduced me to Lebanese food and I’ve been hooked ever since. Mujadara is a favorite. Your recipe looks perfect.

    1. Well I sure have learned that every region and every family does this recipe a little differently. Mujadara is delicious with spices too! My recipe reflects how my family makes it, which is also how the Lebanese restaurants in our area serve it.

  73. hi Maureen! Thank you for providing a basic recipe that most closely resembles my mom and grandmother’s, from an ingredient perspective. Looking back over the comments I’m about 6 years late to this party, but I find it interesting how different areas flavor the dishes With their own flair. Cumin was never big with our family, but I taste it in many of the foods we get eating out at middle eastern restaurants. Always nice to try a new spin, but yours is the “judra” I grew up with, and I’ll be making it tonight!. Thank you!

    1. Agreed, the various spice-ways are interesting yet we always want what we’re used to…it’s comforting and wonderful! Thank you Bob!

  74. My Lebanese mother made this dish for us on a regular basis … I’ve loved it all my life. She never used cumin, nor do I remember it being topped with crispy *onions. But a lot of sauteed onions went into it, and she always cooked the lentils and rice together.

    *We always ate it with big pieces of raw onion, big enough to scoop up the lentils and rice, and of course her wonderful khubz arabi. I wonder if anyone else ever ate it with raw onions like we did? It was delicious.

    I’m going to try your recipe, as it seems like this method would make the rice and lentils less “mushy”. Of course the leftovers get that way anyway, but they’re still good!

    1. I’m intrigued about the raw onion, sounds like it would be so delicious with the mujadara. I’ve never seen that or tried it, but now I will! Thank you!

  75. Crisp raw onions provide nice texture and crunch to the soft lentils and rice. And it tastes good, too. Of course it’s important that the onions are sweet – wonderful when it’s Vidalia onion season.

    Judging by your reader’s posts, and your recipes, I am realizing that there are so many variations to standard Lebanon dishes depending (I think) on what region of Lebanon you’re from. The raw onions with mujudara was how all my relatives served it. I am going to try it that way the next time I make it (but I’ll still use raw onion to scoop it all up!)

    I hope you try it … of course it helps if you like raw onion. Some people don’t.

  76. Hi! Just wondering how long you can keep dried lentils? They’re in an air tight glass container & I’m getting mixed info from websites saying how long you can keep them. I have some newer green lentils, but we’ve always used the brown ones in Mujadara. Thank You for being such a great resource!!

    1. Joanna, thank you! Lentils go on and on. Years. And they’ll still taste fabulous. Keep them airtight as you’ve noted and you’ve got a truly long-lasting pantry legume.

  77. Hi, I was wondering how many cups of water I have to put to boil the rice and lentils together ? Thank you

  78. Omigosh! This recipe is SO Good for you!!! NOT exactly the familiar food I was raised on in the Deep South , but certainly it will be one of my Regulars now!
    One Question…..HoW do you pronounce it?

  79. Hi: We LOVE your recipes !! I need some advice about mujadara , please ! Sometimes it comes out perfectly…but other times it’s mushy and a bit dry. I didn’t think that we were doing anything differently each time. Perhaps when it’s mushy (no shape in the lentils) I’m cooking it too long..or stirring too much ? It still tastes ok, but the “consistency” is too mushy. Please, help! I need your advice!
    Thanks in advance!!

    1. David, are you using small brown lentils? The standard green lentils tend to turn to mush. Also parcooking the lentils helps control how long they are cooked as they are then cooked with the bulgur or rice and onions and have already gotten a start. I wonder too if you are using the right amount of liquid as too much will cause mushiness as well. There is no stirring once the bulgur and lentils are stirred together once with the cooking liquid and onions. Then lid on and don’t touch until finished. Thanks for your good questions!

  80. Hi Maureen: Thank you. Yes, small brown lentils. I Thought that I’d used the right amount of liquid but perhaps not. Probably I stirred too much and maybe cooked for too long (about 45 minutes). From which town in Lebanon was your family? Mine was from Chlifa and Tibshar , tiny, remote villages. I visited there several times but no relatives remain.
    Thank you again for your help and recipes !

  81. I like to soak the lentils overnight, then they hold their shape nicely and don’t require parcooking. I drain the soak water and put it all in the instant pot.

  82. I followed your recipe and used the wheat for the very first time. It was Amazing! I want to use brown rice the next time and not sure if I would follow the recipe the same way or do the amounts or times need to be changed. Every recipe I love each and every recipe I try.

    1. Isn’t the bulgur delicious here?! I need to test with brown rice as I’m curious too. I do know that brown rice takes a good while longer to cook than bulgur or white rice. Maybe par cook it like the lentils…. Or add more water and let it cook longer in the pilaf. Report back and I will too! Thanks so much for commenting and for your kind words.

  83. Hi, Your recipes I have tried are delicious! I am a type II diabetic and am eager to know if you can share more. You note “Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.” I can’t seems to find the information with each recipe. Is there so where I am not looking? This would be so helpful. Thank you.

    1. Hi Russell, that’s a great comment and yes, I’m working on adding more nutritional information to my recipes which have not included this info in the past!