Lebanese Lentil Soup, Rushta

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Lebanese lentil soup, or rushta (rishta), is a Lebanese staple. I love to ramp my Lebanese lentil soup up with plenty of garlic, a healthy and delicious addition of swiss chard, and lemon. Warming, good for you, and always a hit.

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I used to volunteer a lot. I hate to say ‘used to,’ but I’m trying to shame myself into getting back into it. When I volunteered in East Lansing and I’d see people I knew, they’d say “the apple doesn’t fall far from the tree,” referring to my parents and their community involvement. Seems that my volunteer projects have typically had to do with food, and the food of choice for many pantries that serve meals is, of course, soup.

The scent of the bean soup that I served at Christo Rey in Lansing long ago remains imprinted on my brain. This wasn’t a scent that made me want to eat the soup—far from it—and I wondered why the food served to the poor couldn’t taste good, even though it was done on a budget.

When I saw a call for soup-makers at my church in Chicago, St. Vincent de Paul, I raised my hand. I had been serving breakfast in their soup kitchen for a while and thought I would give the other soup makers a run for their money. The soup-makers were simply asked to stop by the church to pick up containers for transporting the soup from home.

I knew we served a lot of hungry people in the kitchen there, but hadn’t given a thought to how many when I volunteered. The containers were ginormous. Huge. Four containers at five gallons each equals twenty gallons. If only I had done my math beforehand.

Healthy, hearty, delicious soup (not tasty soup; delicious soup) that I could make with ease was top of mind. Lebanese rushta is the simplest soup around, a mix of lentils and thin pasta noodles cooked in water with buttery sautéed onions added to the mix. Rushta is loved by a lot of Lebanese. Plus I could afford to make many gallons of this soup a little easier than chicken noodle or vegetable beef.

My hubris in thinking I could make mass quantities without a recipe or ratio guide was astounding. I based my ability strictly on growing up in a large Lebanese family. We know large quantities of food, I thought to myself, and held that as my mantra of the day even though I personally had not cooked large quantities of food, ever. Perhaps that hubris has served me well along the line for certain aspects of culinary school. But for the soup kitchen, not so much. I went after the soup making without much tasting along the way, and by the end I had gallons upon gallons of flavorless lentils that had absorbed most of the liquid and looked more like Mama Bear’s porridge than anything you’d want to eat.

Soup was due that day, however, and I had spent the entirety of it cooking, so I wasn’t going to back down now. I salted, I peppered, trying to give the soup the idea that it tasted good even though it didn’t. That’s surface seasoning, the kind of doctoring up that doesn’t heal the wound. When I went in to serve my soup, I didn’t say that what we were serving came from my kitchen. The other servers didn’t say much, until we were ladling up the thick soup alongside the random assortment of donuts and white bread bologna and mustard sandwiches for breakfast (not kidding). Is it soup?, one woman asked. Who knows, I said. Then I watched as cup after Styrofoam cup of my soup was tasted by our homeless and down-and-out customers, and then…thrown away.

I’ve had a kind of vendetta against rushta ever since it failed me. Because of course it was the soup’s fault. Whenever I hear cousins speak lovingly about their little pots of rushta, I think to myself that they just like it because they’re supposed to, or that one day I’m going to show that rushta, in a small pot, how to taste good. My friends, that day has come. Lebanese cookbooks have taught me about all kinds of variations on certain traditional dishes that involve the real flavor-makers in any dish: herbs, garlic, greens, tartness, and seasoning that starts at the very beginning. Because no matter how hungry or tired or destitute you are, you still want to eat something that tastes good, and you know it when you do.

Lentil soup in a blue flowered bowl with green herbs on top
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5 from 1 vote

Garlicky Lebanese Lentil Soup with Swiss Chard and Lemon

You’ll be tempted to eat up the garlicky chard and onion sauté before it goes into the soup. And that’s just fine because it tastes so delicious like that. But if it’s soup you’re after, just taste and then stir the fragrant mix into the lentils. This soup tastes best when it’s not piping hot, but has cooled down a bit and flavors can really shine through. A classic rushta also contains cooked pasta noodles like linguine, which can easily be added to the recipe below. Once the chard mixture is added to the lentils, the longer it is cooked the more the chard will lose its vibrant green color and the more the lentils will soak up the liquid, so keep that cooking to a minimum.
Servings: 4

Ingredients 

  • 1/2 cup brown or green whole lentils
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt, divided
  • 1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil
  • 2 cups finely diced yellow onion
  • Few grinds black pepper
  • 1/8 teaspoon coriander
  • 4 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 bunch Swiss Chard, cleaned, trimmed, and chopped into 1-inch pieces
  • 3/4 cup cilantro, coarsely chopped
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons unbleached all-purpose flour
  • 3 tablespoons freshly squeezed lemon juice
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Instructions 

  • In a 2- or 3-quart soup pot, bring lentils, 4 cups water, and ½ teaspoon of salt to boil over high heat. Reduce heat and simmer, covered, just until lentils are tender, about 15 minutes.
  • Meanwhile, in a medium sauté pan, heat the olive oil over medium heat. Add the onions and season with 1/2 teaspoon of salt, the coriander, and pepper. Sauté until very soft and translucent. Add the minced garlic and sauté just until fragrant, about 2 minutes. Add the Swiss chard and cilantro and sauté until bright green and tender. Sprinkle with flour and stir to combine, still over the heat.
  • Add the Swiss chard mixture to the lentils, stir in the lemon juice, and heat through for just a few minutes. Taste and adjust seasoning.
  • Serve warm, but not piping hot, for best flavor. Top bowls of soup with chopped cilantro. 

Nutrition information is automatically calculated, so should only be used as an approximation.

Additional Info

Author: Maureen Abood
Servings: 4
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52 Comments

  1. Deidre Shinn says:

    Hello Maureen!
    I love your recipes! They remind me of cooking with my beautiful Sittee when we would visit Lansing every summer.
    I’ve just made your Lentil soup for the first time. I’ve been using the old Shumps ‘Il Bir Club Syrian-Lebanese Cook Book or Madelaine Farah’s for years. ♥️
    While your Garlicky Lentil Soup with Swiss Chard and Lemon is fabulous, the cookbook states 10 servings. I was confused by this but stuck to the recipe then finally checked your site to see it is actually 4 which makes more sense.
    Thank you for your amazing recipes. My sisters, my Mom (bint Namey) and my cousins (bint Hourani)adore them.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Deidre hello! This is wonderful, thank you so much. Serving sizes with soup can really vary and with the cookbook the standard size was quite a bit smaller. Sending warm regards to you, a hometown “cousin”!

  2. MaryKay says:

    Hi Maureen!
    I love all the recipes you send. The Garlicky Lebanese Lentil Soup with Swiss Chard and Lemon
    is DELICIOUS!
    I’d like to request an email link to be added to your site. Often, people want your recipes and
    sending it by email would be so helpful!

    Thank you!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Hi Mary Kay! Thanks so much for your kind words and suggestion. I’ll take that into account as I am currently working on a site redesign!

  3. Mariangela Sassi says:

    I made this last night which we’ll enjoy for tonight’s dinner. Love when I have all the ingredients for something so delicious as this recipe. I did have a quick question – you have 1/8 coriander but not if ground vs. seed. I totally assumed you meant ground and quickly toasted some seeds and freshly ground them which added a ton of flavor. Love your recipes and inspiration stories! p.s. We met in SF when you visited former Tante Marie’s space probably 5 year ago now!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Mariangela, how neat to hear from a friend from SF!! Isn’t this recipe wonderful? I was referring to ground coriander but your freshly toasted seeds sound more divine and fragrant! Thanks for commenting and keep in touch!

      1. Mariangela Sassi says:

        Happy New Year! What’s old is new and I just saw I made this last year and have all the ingredients to make it tonight. Always a great way to warm up during winter.

  4. Renee says:

    I am new to your site. Made the lentil soup for the first time. It was fast, easy, healthy and delicious! I can’t wait to try more of your recipes.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Thanks Renee!

  5. France says:

    Hello, I’m wondering if Collard Greens would work as well?

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Yes, delicious!

  6. Janis says:

    Hi Maureen, I just made this soup again today, it’s fast, fresh and healthy, and I love it. Just the right amount of lemon! Happily, my subs worked, because I didn’t have two items, so subbed fresh baby spinach for chard, and garam masala (home blended) for coriander. Also, as I was eating it I was thinking…this would be a good one to make for Soup Sunday at church, lolol and then read your story above. So, I’ve never made large batches either, but was informed about those 5 gallon containers! Being as the chard and lentils shouldn’t sit long, that would be tough to make ahead and hold…so maybe I won’t try this one haha.
    IDK if anyone has pointed this out to you, but your cookbook states this makes 10 servings…oops. 🙂

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      So funny Janis!

  7. Claudette Bazzi says:

    Hi, I’m from Michigan and I was married to a Lebanese man for a long time. My son now wants some recipes that I make and I don’t have anything written down. Your recipes are the closest to the ones I make so I can write down the amounts because I just went by memory and made big meals for my family and extra people we had do to kids friends always wanting to eat over. Thank you for helping me out with measurements. Also, I was wondering if you had a recipe for crushed lentil soup (it’s the crushed orange lentils and onions) I think people would really like that and it is simple to make.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Cluadette, thank you! I’d love to work on the crushed lentil soup recipe, which sounds like another delicious variation of rushta.

  8. Stella says:

    Cooked a batch last week, froze it and just defrosted it this afternoon – my (Lebanese) husband loved it! Says it tastes, “Just like home.” Yay! Great recipe and so easy. Thank you!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Wonderful wonderful, thank you!

  9. Karin Spratley says:

    I’m on a whole plant base diet looked up lentils soup recipes yours was warm and earthy like old ways of cookine. Hope to keep reading you your story’s do make me laugh.I remember making frozen peas for dinner the box direction said to add 11/2 cups of salted water so I Did those peas looked like seeds.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Ha!! Glad you liked this recipe!

  10. Azniv says:

    Looks delicious!
    I haven’t been able to find chard locally. Can you suggest a substitution?
    Not a fan of cilantro – it’s one of those “you either love it or hate it” flavors. (Tastes like soap to me). Omit? What other herb might work?
    Thanks for the recipes!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      You could use kale for this, and for the cilantro, use parsley instead!

  11. David says:

    It’s been 4 years and 9 months since you wrote this post, Maureen, and I can’t tell you how much it charmed me. I haven’t made the lentils yet, though I intend to (I miss my mother’s rushteh). But, your desire to give to others, your humility, your abject culinary failure, your determination, your charm, and your loving kindness all shine through in this post. Thank you for making my day!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      David, thank YOU for making my day with your beautiful words. I’m so touched and thank you for taking me back to this post.

  12. Gaby says:

    I just made this and it was so delicious. I think next time I will double or triple the recipe so there will be leftovers for lunch. I would never think to put that much cilantro in soup. Yum! Thank you for sharing.

  13. victoria says:

    Hi Maureen from Sydney Australia.
    I am australian born to Lebanese Parents who migrated to sydney in 1950. My mum is a well known lebanese cook in the town I grew up in. Your blog is beautiful and the food looks authentic and true to the recipes handed down to me.
    Thank you for sharing your blog with us.
    Victoria

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Thanks so much Victoria! How I’d love to cook with your mother, visit with her and eat her wonderful food!

  14. Pam says:

    I Loved this soup! Yum! I ate it with the round flatbread with olive oil and za’atar from Oasis Market near me in Oakland, CA. I will make it soon again.

  15. Peter says:

    You know when I was looking at your website and I was trying to figure out your name…. I “said” the same thing as your friend Maureennnaaaboood? lol . So did you attend Culinary are you a professional Chef?

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Funny!! I did attend culinary school! I don’t work in a restaurant but publish this food blog and am writing my first book, a Lebanese cookbook.

  16. Peter says:

    Hey Maureen I love your lentil soup version, as I am Greek and we make this just a lil different this sounds delicious as well. I have this obsession in my head to try this soup just like you made it but just by adding some dry roasted tomatoes What you think? And should I add them towards the end?

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Nice idea Peter! I would add the sun-dried tomatoes perhaps with the lentils as they cook, to soften them. If you want them chewy, add them at the end with the chard.

  17. Father Raphael says:

    Dear Maureen

    Thank you again for a wonderful blog. Am I missing how many the Garlic Rushta recipe serves?

    +Father Raphael

  18. Anne Lane says:

    Love this recipe and really like your bowls. Where did you get them from?

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Anne thank you–those bowls are from Anthropologie!

  19. Celine Terranova says:

    Maureen, I just made this soup for dinner tonight, but it smelled so yummy I had to try it for lunch. Fabulous version of Rushta. I simply love it! Easy to make and SO much healthier and flavorful than my usual recipe. Cousin, YOU WERE RIGHT! Thanks for bringing us new versions of our old favorites!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      That is great Celine!!!!! I’m glad you like it as much as your rushta.

  20. Sara {OneTribeGourmet} says:

    P.S. I LOVE the soup bowls! Gorgeous!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Thanks for that…I’m a believer that food tastes better in pretty china!!

  21. Sara {OneTribeGourmet} says:

    Maureen, my mouth is watering looking at your delicious & hearty lentil soup! I love the addition of Swiss Chard to make it extra healthy! Love your blog! Nice to meet you! 🙂

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Hi there Sara! Thanks so much for joining us here, and for your kind words!! I just checked out your site and am looking forward to exploring over there–very neat.

  22. K&B N. says:

    Definitely a great way to get rid of my leftover swiss chard & dried beans !

    ratedkb.blogspot.com

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Yes, this soup ca be made with beans and/or chickpeas–delicous!

  23. tasteofbeirut says:

    Love the photos and the story and of course that soup which we call adas b-hamod. Need to make it again!

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Thank you Joumana!

  24. Peggy says:

    Maureen, if you were using pasta, when would you add it and do you need adjust the liquid for that?

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Peggy, cooked pasta would be added to the final mix of lentils, onions, chard which is just heated through. This way the liquid ratio is fine.

  25. Bridget says:

    Oh Maureen!
    That soup kitchen story made me feel all kinds of emotions! Mostly I LAUGHED! Not at you, but with you and with those little stinkin’ lentils that didn’t help you out of the woods. I’m excited to give my “little pot” a whirl with the lentils and see what blossoms.
    xoxo
    Bridget

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Love you Bridget, thank you!!

  26. Antonia Allegra says:

    Can’t wait to make this rushta, Maureen! Thank you for your recipe.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Let me know how you like it, Toni!

  27. Diane Nassir (My maternal grandmother was an Abowd) says:

    Maureen,
    Love your column, love your pics, and LOVE rushta! Haven’t had it for years–I have yet to make it even once since I left my parents’ home many, many decades ago. I will need to try making it now! And I remember my mother making her own homemade noodles by hand–no home pasta machines in those days or in my grandmother’s day.

    1. Maureen Abood says:

      Nothing beats homemade noodles for the rushta Diane! Go for it!!